Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, southwestern Indian Ocean, with 158 new records

Ronald FRICKE, Jamal MAHAFINA, Faustinato BEHIVOKE, Henitsoa JAONALISON, Marc LÉOPOLD, Dominique PONTON

Abstract

An annotated checklist of the fish species of the Madagascar EEZ (southwestern Indian Ocean) comprises a total of 1,798 species in 247 families. 158 species are recorded from Madagascar for the first time. The majority of the species is autochthonous; 28 species have been introduced, mainly in freshwater habitats. The fish fauna is mostly marine (95.4% of the total number of native fish species), with the Gobiidae, Labridae, Serranidae, Pomacentridae and Apogonidae being the families with most representatives; among the 90 native freshwater fish species (adults mainly occurring in freshwater), the Cichlidae are the dominating family, but there are also two endemic families, the Bedotiidae (16 species) and Anchariidae (6 species). The fish fauna at Madagascar is typical for offshore, high islands in the southwestern Indian Ocean. Zoogeographically, the main element of the marine fish fauna of Madagascar consists of widespread tropical Indo-Pacific species (978 species, 58.3% of the total native marine species). A total of 13 species (3.3%) are found worldwide, either circumtropical or circumtropical including warm temperate zones. A total of 215 species (12.8%) are found worldwide, either circumtropical or circumtropical including warm temperate zones. An additional 453 species (27.0%) are Indian Ocean endemics, including 233 western Indian Ocean endemics (13.9%), 73 southwestern Indian Ocean endemics (4.4%), 16 species endemic to Madagascar and Mascarenes (1.0%), 4 species endemic to Madagascar and Comoros (0.2%), 3 species endemic to Madagascar and Madagascar Ridge (0.2%), and 37 marine species endemic to Madagascar (2.2%). Most of the autochthonous freshwater fishes are endemic to Madagascar (87 species, 96.7% of the native freshwater species).

Keywords

Checklist, Pisces, Southwestern Indian Ocean, Madagascar EEZ, New records, Zoogeography.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aboussouan A. 1966. Sur quelques larves pélagiques de Téléostéens récoltés à Tuléar. Annales de l'Université de Madagascar, Série des Sciences Naturelles et Mathématiques 4: 159-174.

Ahl E. 1923. Zur Kenntnis der Knochenfischfamilie Chaetodontidae insbesondere der Unterfamilie Chaetodontinae. Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.)89(A,5): 1-205.

Allen G.R. 1972. The Anemonefishes. Their classification and biology. [1st edition.] T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. 288 p.

Allen G.R. 1975. The Anemonefishes. Their classification and biology. 2nd edition. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ. pp: 1-272, i-xii, 285-352.

Allen, G.R. 1979. Falter- und Kaiserfische. Band 2. Mergus, Melle. pp: 149-352.

Allen G.R. 1984. Lutjanidae. In: W. Fischer, G. Bianchi (Eds.). FAO Species Identification Sheets. Western Indian Ocean. Volume 3. FAO, Rome.

Allen G.R. 1985. FAO species catalogue. Volume 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125(6): 1-208.

Allen G.R. 1991. Riffbarsche der Welt. Mergus, Melle. 272 p.

Allen G.R. 2002. Descriptions of two new species of damselfishes (Pomacentridae: Pomacentrus) from Madagascar. aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 6(2): 45-52.

Allen G.R., Emery A.R. 1985. A review of the pomacentrid fishes of the genus Stegastes from the Indo-Pacific, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 3: 1-31.

Allen G.R., Erdmann, M.V. 2006. Pterocaesio flavifasciata, a new species of fusilier (Teleostei: Caesionidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 12: 27-30.

Allen G.R., Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Volumes 1-3. Tropical Reef Research, Perth. Volume 1, pp: 1-424; volume 2, pp: 425-855; volume 3, pp: 857-1260.

Allen G.R., Erdmann M.V., Kurniasih E. 2015. Chrysiptera caesifrons, a new species of damselfish (Pomacentridae) from the south-western Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 15: 16-32.

Allen G.R., Erdmann M.V., Yusmalinda N.L.A. 2016. Review of the Indo-Pacific flasherwasses of the genus Paracheilinus (Perciformes: Labridae), with descripions of three new species. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 19: 18-90.

Allen G.R., Randall J.E. 1977. Review of the sharpnose pufferfishes (subfamily Canthigasterinae) of the Indo-Pacific. Records of the Australian Museum 30(17): 475-517.

Allen G.R., Randall J.E. 1981. A review of the damselfishes (Teleostei: Pomacentridae) of the Red Sea. Israel Journal of Zoology 29(1/3)(for 1980): 1-98.

Allen G.R., Randall J.E. 2002. A review of the leucogaster species complex of the Indo-Pacific pomacentrid genus Amblyglyphidodon, with descriptions of two new species. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 5: 139-152.

Allen G.R., Steene R., Allen M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes & butterflyfishes. Perth (Odyssey Publishing). 250 p.

Allen G.R., Talbot F.H. 1985. Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 11: 1-87.

Allen G.R., White W.T., Erdmann M.V. 2013. Two new species of snappers (Pisces: Lutjanidae: Lutjanus) from the Indo-West Pacific. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 6: 33-51.

Allen G.R., Wright J.E. 2003. Description of a new species of damselfish (Pomacentridae: Pomacentrus) from Rodrigues Island, Indian Ocean. aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 7(4): 133-138.

Allgayer R. 1996. Description d'une espèce nouvelle du genre Paretroplus Bleeker (Teleostei: Cichlidae) de Madagascar. Revue Française des Cichlidophiles 159: 6-20.

Allgayer R. 1998. Descriptions de Lamena nourissati sp. n. genre et espèce nouveaux, endémiques de Madagascar (Teleostei: Etroplinae). Revue Française des Cichlidophiles 179: 7-17.

Anderson M.E., Heemstra P.C. 2003. Review of the glassfishes (Perciformes: Ambassidae) of the western Indian Ocean. Cybium 27(3): 199-209.

Anderson R.C., Randall J.E., Kuiter R.H. 1998. Additions to the fish fauna of the Maldive Islands. Part 2: New records of fishes from the Maldive Islands, with notes on other species. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 67: 20-32.

Andréfouët S., Chagnaud N., Kranenburg C. 2009. Atlas des récifs coralliens de l’Océan Indien Ouest. Atlas of Western Indian Ocean coral reefs. Centre IRD de Nouméa, Nouméa. 102 p.

Angel F. 1949. Contribution à l'étude de Typhleotris madagascariensis, poisson aveugle, cavernicole, du sud-ouest de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (2)21(1): 56-59.

Angel F., Bertin L., Guibé J. 1946. Note rélative à la nomenclature d'une amphibien et d'un poisson. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (2)18(6): 473-474.

Angot M. 1950a. Aspect physique et étude ichthyologique du récif de Soalara. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (A)4(2): 455-462.

Angot M. 1950b. Poissons de recifs. Naturaliste Malgache 2(2): 135-142.

Angot M. 1950c. Poissons littoraux de Soalara. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (A)4(1): 175-196.

Anonymous 2014a. INSTAT Madagascar 2014. Madagascar en chiffres. Available from: https://www.instat.mg /madagascar-en-chiffre (accessed on 1 June 2017).

Anonymous 2014b. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014. FAO, Rome. 223 p.

Anonymous 2015a. Ressources en eau - Madagascar. Rome (FAO). Available from: http://www.fao.org /nr/water/aquastat/countries_regions/Profile_segments/MDG-WR_fra.stm, (accessed on 1 June 2017).

Anonymous 2015b. Madagascar Mangrove Cover, Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD) Geoportal Available from: http://geoportal.rcmrd.org/layers/servir%3Amadagascar_mangrove_cover (accessed on 1 June 2017).

Arnoult J. 1959a. Une nouvelle espèce de poisson aveugle de Madagascar: Typhleotris pauliani n. sp. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, (A) Biologie Animale 13: 133-138.

Arnoult J. 1959b. Faune de Madagascar. X. Poissons des eaux douces. Institut de Recherche Scientifique, Tananarive-Tzimbazaza. 163 p.

Arnoult J. 1960. Sur une nouvelle espèce de poisson Malgache (Cichlidae), Paretroplus kieneri n. sp. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (2)32(4): 305-307.

Arnoult J. 1963. Un Oryziiné (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae) nouveau de l'est de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (2)35(3): 235-237.

Arnoult J., Bauchot R. 1963. Compte rendu du mission à Madagascar (octobre 1962 - janvier 1963). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (2)35(3): 219-227.

Arnoult J., Fourmanoir P. 1967. Sur une collection de poissons marins et de reptiles, provenant de l'île de Nossi-Bé (Malagasy). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (2)39(1): 134-142.

Astakhov D.A. 1996. Discovery of Amphiprion chrysogaster (Pomacentridae) on the barrier reef of Tulear (Malagasy, southwestern Madagascar). Voprosy Ikhtiologii 36(6): 843-846. [In Russian. English translation in Journal of Ichthyology 36(9): 804-807.]

Baird R.C. 1971. The systematics, distribution, and zoogeography of the marine hatchetfishes (family Sternoptychidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 142(1): 1-128.

Baldwin Z.H., Sparks J.S. 2011. A new species of Secutor (Teleostei: Leiognathidae) from the western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 2998: 39-47.

Banister K.E. 1994. Glossogobius ankaranensis, a new species of blind cave goby from Madagascar (Pisces: Gobioidei: Gobiidae). aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 1(3): 25-28.

Barnes-Mauthe M., Oleson K.L.L., Zafindrasilivonona, B. 2013. The total economic value of small-scale fisheries with a characterization of post-landing trends: an application in Madagascar with global relevance. Fisheries Research 147: 175-185.

Bath H. 1983. Revision der Gattung Antennablennius Fowler 1931 mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art und Untersuchung der taxonomischen Stellung von Antennablennius anuchalis Springer & Spreitzer 1978. Senckenbergiana Biologica 64(1/3): 47-80.

Bauchot M.-L. 1963a. Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. I.--Famille des Labridae. Publications of the National Museum of Natural History 20: 1-113, 180-195.

Bauchot M.-L. 1963b. Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. II.--Familles des Chaetodontidae, Scatophagidae, Toxotidae, Monodactylidae, Ephippidae, Scorpidae, Pempheridae, Kyphosidae, Girellidae. Publications of the National Museum of Natural History 20: 115-195.

Bauchot M.-L., Bauchot R. 1983. Les Pagellus de l'océan indien (Pisces, Perciformes, Sparidae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (4)5(A,4): 1123-1138.

Bauchot M.-L., Bianchi G. 1984. Guide des poissons commerciaux de Madagascar (espèces marines et d'eaux saumâtres). In: Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les bésoins de la pêche. FAO, Rome. 135 p.

Bauchot M.-L., Desoutter M., Hoese D.F., Larson H.K. 1991. Catalogue critique des types de Poissons du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. (Suite) Sous-ordre des Gobioidei. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4 (A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales) 13(1-2, supplément): 1-82.

Becker V.E. 1964. Slendertailed myctophids (genera Loweina, Tarletonbeania, Gonichthys and Centrobranchus) of the Pacific and Indian oceans. Systematics and Distribution: In: Biology of fishes of the Pacific and Indian oceans. [In Russian; with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P. P. Shirshova 73: 11-75.

Becker V.E., Borodulina O.D. 1976. Taxonomy and distribution of the lanternfishes of the genus Myctophum (materials to the revision of the genus). [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P. P. Shirshova 104: 113-143.

Becker V.E., Borodulina O.D. 1978. "Myctophum asperum" species-group with description of a new species, and Myctophum selenops Tåning (Myctophidae, Osteichthyes). Taxonomy and Distribution. [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P. P. Shirshova 111: 108-128.

Belyanina T.N. 1974. Materials on development, taxonomy, and distribution of the fishes of the family Bregmacerotidae. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P. P. Shirshova 96: 143-188.

Bennett E.T. 1827. Observations on the fishes contained in the collection of the Zoological Society. Zoological Journal, London 3(11, 37): 371-378.

Bertelsen E., Krefft G., Marshall N.B. 1976. The fishes of the family Notosudidae. Dana Report 86: 1-114.

Bertelsen, E. & Marshall, N.B. 1956. The Miripinnati, a new order of teleost fishes. Dana Report 42: 1-34.

Bertelsen E. Pietsch T.W. 1998. Revision of the deepsea anglerfish genus Rhynchactis Regan (Lophiiformes: Gigantactinidae), with descriptions of two new species. Copeia 1998(3): 583-590.

Bertelsen E., Pietsch T.W., Lavenberg R.J. 1981. Ceratioid anglerfishes of the family Gigantactinidae: morphology, systematics, and Distribution. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 332: 1-74.

Bertin L. 1940. Catalogue des types de poissons du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. 2e partie. Dipneustes, Chondrostéens, Holostéens, Isospondyles. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2)12(6): 244-322.

Bertin L., Dollfus R.-P. 1948. Révision des espèces du genre Decapterus (Téléostéens Scombriformes). Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Paris N.S. 26(1): 1-29.

Blanc M., Hureau J.-C. 1972. Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. (Suite) (Mugiliformes et Polynémiformes). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 3: Zoologie) 15(for 1971): 673-735.

Bleeker P. 1867. Description de quelques espèces nouvelles de Gobius de Madagascar. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles 2: 403-420.

Bleeker P. 1868. Description de trois espèces inédites de Chromidoïdes de Madagascar. Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Serie 2) 2: 307-314.

Bleeker P. 1869a. Description de deux espèces inédites d'Alticus de Madagascar. Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Serie 2) 3: 234-236.

Bleeker P. 1869b. Description d'une espèce inédite de Caesio de l'île de Nossibé. Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Serie 2) 3: 78-79.

Bleeker P. 1871. Description de quelques espèces de poissons de l'île de la Réunion et de Madagascar. Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde 4: 92-105.

Bleeker P. 1874. Poissons de Madagascar et de l'île la Réunion des collections de MM. Pollen et van Dam. In: Recherches sur la faune de Madagascar et de ses dépendances d'après les découvertes de François P.L. Pollen et D.C. van Dam. 4e partie. E.J. Brill, Leide. 104 + 2 p. [Publication date see Kottelat (2013: 281).]

Bleeker P. 1878. Sur deux espèces inédites de Cichloides de Madagascar. Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Serie 2) 12: 192-198, pl. 3.

Bloch M.E. 1792. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Sechster Theil. J. Morino & Co., Berlin. 126 p.

Bloch M.E. 1793. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Siebenter Theil. J. Morino & Co., Berlin. 144 p.

Böhlke E.B. 1997. Notes on the identity of elongate unpatterned Indo-Pacific morays, with description of a new species (Muraenidae, Subfamily Muraninae). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 147: 89-109.

Böhlke E.B. 2000. Notes on the identity of small, brown, unpatterned Indo-Pacific moray eels, with descriptions of three new species (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae). Pacific Science 54: 395-416.

Böhlke E.B., Randall J.E. 2000. A review of the moray eels (Angulliformes [sic]: Muraenidae) of the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of two new species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 150: 203-278.

Böhlke E.B., Smith D.G. 2002. Type catalogue of Indo-Pacific Muraenidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 152: 89-172.

Borodulina O.D. 1978. Materials on the systematics and distribution of the oceanic hatchet fishes genera Argyropelecus and Sternoptyx (Sternoptychidae, Osteichthyes). Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 111: 28-60.

Bourjon P., Fricke R. 2016. First record of the seagrass wrasse, Novaculoides macrolepidotus (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Labridae), from Reunion Island, southwestern Indian Ocean, with a brief description of its colour pattern variation, escape and reproductive behaviour. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 46(2): 109-114.

Boulenger G.A. 1899. A revision of the African and Syrian fishes of the family Cichlidae. Part II. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1899(1): 98-143 [1-47].

Boulenger G.A. 1911. Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume 2. British Museum (Natural History), London. 529 p.

Boulenger G.A. 1915. Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume 3. British Museum (Natural History), London. 526 p.

Boulenger G.A. 1916. Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume 4. British Museum (Natural History), London. 392 p.

Breuil C., Grima D. 2014. Baseline report Madagascar. SmartFish Programme of the Indian Ocean Commission. Indian Ocean Commission, Ebene, Mauritius. 36 p.

Britz R. 2017. Book review. Fishes of the world, fifth edition. By J.S. Nelson, T.C. Grande & M.V.H. Wilson. 752 pp. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.A., 2016. Price £110.00. ISBN: 978-1-118-34233-6. Journal of Fish Biology 90(1): 451-459.

Bruce R.W., Randall J.E. 1985. Revision of the Indo-Pacific parrotfish genera Calotomus and Leptoscarus. Indo-Pacific Fishes 5: 1-32.

Bruun A.F. 1937. Chascanopsetta in the Atlantic; a bathypelagic occurrence of a flat-fish, with remarks on distribution and development of certain other forms. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn 101: 125-136.

Burgess W.E. 1978. Butterflyfishes of the World. A monograph of the family Chaetodontidae. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey, U.S.A. 832 p.

Cantwell G.E. 1964. A revision of the genus Parapercis, family Mugiloididae. Pacific Science 18(3): 239-280.

Carpenter K.E. 1987. Revision of the Indo-Pacific fish family Caesionidae (Lutjanoidea), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 15: 1-56.

Carpenter K.E. 1988. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 8. Fusilier fishes of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of caesionid species known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (8): 1-75.

Carpenter K.E., Allen G.R. 1989. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (9): 1-118.

Caruso J.H. 1981. The systematics and distribution of the lophiid anglerfishes: I. A revision of the genus Lophiodes with the description of two new species. Copeia 1981(3): 522-549.

Caruso J.H. 1989. Systematics and distribution of Atlantic chaunacid anglerfishes (Pisces: Lophiiformes). Copeia 1989(1): 153-165.

Carvalho M.R., de Séret B., Compagno L.J.V. 2002. A new species of electric ray of the genus Narcine Henle, 1834 from the south-western Indian Ocean (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Narcinidae). South African Journal of Marine Science 24: 135-149.

Castle P.H.J., Randall J.E. 1999. Revision of Indo-Pacific garden eels (Congridae: Heterocongrinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 30: 1-52.

Castle P.H.J., Raju N.S. 1975. Some rare leptocephali from the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific oceans. Dana Report 85: 1-25.

Castle P.H.J., Smith D.G. 1999. A reassessment of the eels of the genus Bathycongrus in the Indo-West Pacific. Journal of Fish Biology 54(5): 973-995.

Castle P.H.J., Williamson G.R. 1975. Systematics and distribution of eels of the Muraenesox group (Anguilliformes, Muraenesocidae). The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Special Publication 15: 1-9.

Catala R. 1975. Poissons d'eau douce de Madagascar (Suite). Revue Française d'Aquariologie 1(2): 63.

Catala R. 1977. Poissons d'eau douce de Madagascar (Suite). Revue Française d'Aquariologie 4(1): 27-32.

Catala R. 1979. Poissons d'eau douce de Madagascar (Suite). Revue Française d'Aquariologie 6(4): 125-128.

Catala R. 1982. Poissons d'eau douce de Madagascar (Suite et fin). Revue Française d'Aquariologie 9(2): 57-64.

Chabanaud, P. 1927. Sur diverses espèces du genre Taenioides Lacep. [Poissons Gobiformes]. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 52: 404-415.

Chabanaud P. 1929. Description d'un nouvel élasmobranche batoïde de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 1(6): 365-369.

Chabanaud P. 1939. Catalogue systématique et chorologique des Téléostéens dyssymétriques du Globe. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) 763: 1-31.

Cinner J., Fuentes M.M.P.B., Randriamahazo H. 2009. Exploring social resilience in Madagascar’s marine protected areas. Ecology and Society 14(1)(41): 1-20.

Clarke T.A. 1999. Pelagic fishes of the genus Eustomias (Melanostomiidae) similar to Eustomias dendriticus Regan and Trewavas with the description of seven new species. Copeia 1999(4): 1002-1013.

Cohen D.M., Inada T., Iwamoto T., Scialabba N. 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (10): 1-442.

Cohen D.M., Nielsen J.G. 1978. Guide to the identification of genera of the fish order Ophidiiformes with a tentative classification of the order. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular 417: 1-72.

Collette B.B. 1974. The garfishes (Hemiramphidae) of Australia and New Zealand. Records of the Australian Museum 29(2): 11-105.

Collette B.B., Aadland C.R. 1996. Revision of the frigate tunas (Scombridae, Auxis), with descriptions of two new subspecies from the eastern Pacific. Fishery Bulletin 94(3): 423-441.

Collette B.B., Chao L.N. 1975. Systematics and morphology of the bonitos (Sarda) and their relatives (Scombridae, Sardini). Fishery Bulletin 73(3): 516-625.

Collette B.B., Greenfield, D.W. 2009. Batrachus uranoscopus Guichenot, 1866 supposedly from Madagascar, is not a threatened species of toadfish (Batrachoididae). Cybium 33(1): 79-80.

Collette B.B., Nauen C.E. 1983. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125: 1-137.

Collette B.B., Parin N.V. 1991. Shallow-water fishes of Walters Shoals, Madagascar Ridge. Bulletin of Marine Science 48(1): 1-22.

Collette B.B., Russo J.L. 1985. Morphology, systematics, and biology of the Spanish mackerels (Scomberomorus, Scombridae). United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin 82(4): 545-692.

Compagno L.J.V. 1984a. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (4,1): 1-249.

Compagno L.J.V. 1984b. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2. Charcharhiniformes. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (4,2): 251-655.

Compagno L.J.V. 1988. Sharks of the order Carcharhiniformes. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. 486 p.

Compagno L.J.V. 2001. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes 1 (2): 1-269.

Compagno L.J.V., Ebert D.A. 2007. South African skate biodiversity and Distribution. Environmental Biology of Fishes 60: 125-145.

Compagno L.J.V., Ebert D.A., Smale M.J. 1989. Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town. 160 p.

Compagno L.J.V., Smale M.J. 1985. Paragaleus leucolomatus, a new shark from South Africa, with notes on the systematics of hemigaleid sharks (Carcharhiniformes: Hemigaleidae). The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Special Publication 37: 1-21.

Compagno L.J.V., Stehmann M.F.W., Ebert D.A. 1990. Rhinochimaera africana sp. n., a new longnosed chimaera from southern Africa, with comments on the systematics and distribution of the genus Rhinochimaera Garman, 1901 (Chondrichthyes, Chimaeriformes, Rhinochimaeridae). South African Journal of Marine Research 9: 201-222.

Conand F., Richards W.J. 1982. Distribution of tuna larvae between Madagascar and the equator, Indian Ocean. Biological Oceanography 1(4): 321-336.

Connell A.D., Victor B.C., Randall J.E. 2015. A new species of Pseudojuloides (Perciformes: Labridae) from the south-western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 14: 49-56.

Connorton J.G. 1892. A list of the most common fishes, Mollusca and Crustacea of the south-east coast of Madagascar. The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine 1892: 459-463.

Courtenay Jr., W.R., Williams J.D., Britz R., Yamamoto M.N., Loiselle P.V. 2004. Identity of introduced snakeheads (Pisces, Channidae) in Hawai'i and Madagascar, with comments on ecological concerns. Occasional Papers Bishop Museum 77: 1-13.

Cowley P.D., Compagno L.J.V. 1993. A taxonomic re-evaluation of the blue stingray from southern Africa (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae). South African Journal of Marine Science 13: 135-149.

Craig M.T. 2008. The goldrim surgeonfish (Acanthurus nigricans; Acanthuridae) from Diego Garcia, Chagos Archipelago: first record from the central Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 1850: 65-68.

Craig M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson Y.J., Heemstra P.C. 2011. Groupers of the world. A field and market guide. NISC (Pty) Ltd, Grahamstown, South Africa. 356 p.

Crosnier A., Fourmanoir P. 1961. La pêche du thon à Madagascar. Bulletin de Madagascar 185: 1-25.

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1828. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome second. Livre Troisième. Des poissons de la famille des perches, ou des percoïdes. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 490 p. [Valenciennes author of pp. 238-249, 262-386, Cuvier the remainder.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1829. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatrième. Livre quatrième. Des acanthoptérygiens à joue cuirassée. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 518 p. [Cuvier authored volume.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1830a. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome cinquième. Livre cinquième. Des Sciénoïdes. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 499 p. [Cuvier authored volume.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1830b. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome Sixième. Livre sixième. Partie I. Des Sparoïdes; Partie II. Des Ménides. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 559 p. [Valenciennes is author of pp. 1-425, 493-559; Cuvier 426-491.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1831. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome septième. Livre septième. Des Squamipennes. Livre huitième. Des poissons à pharyngiens labyrinthiformes. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 531 p. [Cuvier authored pp. 1-440, Valenciennes 441-531.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1832. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome huitième. Livre neuvième. Des Scombéroïdes. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 509 p. [Cuvier authored pp. 1-470; Valenciennes 471-509.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1833. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome neuvième. Suite du livre neuvième. Des Scombéroïdes. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 512 p. [Cuvier authored pp. 1-198, 330-359, 372-427; Valenciennes the balance.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1837. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome douzième. Suite du livre quatorzième. Gobioïdes. Livre quinzième. Acanthoptérygiens à pectorales pédiculées. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 507 p. [Valenciennes authored volume.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1839. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome treizième. Livre seizième. Des Labroïdes. F.G. Levrault, Paris. 505 p. [Valenciennes authored volume.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1840. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatorzième. Suite du livre seizième. Labroïdes. Livre dix-septième. Des Malacoptérygiens. Pitois-Levrault, Paris. 464 p. authored volume. Published as 1839.]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1847a. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-neuvième. Suite du livre dix-neuvième. Brochets ou Lucioïdes. Livre vingtième. De quelques familles de Malacoptérygiens, intermédiaires entre les Brochets et les Clupes. P. Bertrand, Paris. 544 p. [Valenciennes authored volume. Published as "1846".]

Cuvier G., Valenciennes A. 1847b. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome vingtième. Livre vingt et unième. De la famille des Clupéoïdes. P. Bertrand, Paris. 472 p. [Valenciennes authored volume.]

Daget J. 1986. Sphyraenidae. In: J. Daget, J.P. Gosse, D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (Eds.). Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa. Volume 2. CLOFFA. ISNB, Bruxelles, MRAC, Tervuren, ORSTOM, Paris. pp: 350-351.

Daget J., Gosse J.-P., Thys van den Audenaerde D.F.E. 1984. Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa. CLOFFA. Volume 1. ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. 410 p.

Daget J., Gosse J.-P., Thys van den Audenaerde D.F.E. 1986. Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa. CLOFFA. Volume 2. ISNB, Bruxelles, MRAC, Tervuren and ORSTOM, Paris. 520 p.

Daget J., Grosse J.-P., Teugels G.G., Thys van den Audenaerde D.F.E. 1991. Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa. CLOFFA. Volume 4. ISNB, Bruxelles, MRAC, Tervuren and ORSTOM, Paris. 740 p.

Daget J., Moreau J. 1981. Hybridation introgressive entre deux espèces de Sarotherodon (Pisces, Cichlidae) dans un lac de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, (Série 4) 3(A,2): 689-703.

Danois Y.Le. 1959. Étude ostéologique, myologique et systématique des poissons du sous-ordre des orbiculates. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco (Nouvelle Série) 36(1): 1-274.

Danois Y.Le. 1964. Étude anatomique et systématique des Antennaires, de l'ordre des Pédiculates. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Nouvelle Série) (Série A, Zoologie) 31(1): 1-162.

Danois Y. Le 1975. Étude ostéo-myologique et révision systématique de la famille des Lophiidae (pédiculates haploptérygiens). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série A Zoologie 91(for 1974): 1-127.

Danois Y. Le 1979. Révision systématique de la famille des Chaunacidae (Pisces Pediculati). Uo (Japanese Society of Ichthyologists) 30: 1-76.

Dawson C.E. 1967. Paragunnellichthys seychellensis, a new genus and species of gobioid fish (Microdesmidae) from the western Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 80: 73-81.

Dawson C.E. 1968. Two new wormfishes (Gobioidea: Microdesmidae) from the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 81: 53-67.

Dawson C.E. 1976. Review of the Indo-Pacific pipefish genus Choeroichthys (Pisces: Syngnathidae), with descriptions of two new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 89(3): 39-65.

Dawson C.E. 1977a. Review of the pipefish genus Corythoichthys with description of three new species. Copeia 1977(2): 295-338.

Dawson C.E. 1977b. Synopsis of syngnathine pipefishes usually referred to the genus Ichthyocampus Kaup, with description of new genera and species. Bulletin of Marine Science 27(4): 595-650.

Dawson, C.E. 1978. Review of the Indo-Pacific pipefish genus Hippichthys (Syngnathidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 91(1): 132-157.

Dawson C.E. 1979. Review of the polytypic doryrhamphine pipefish Oostethus brachyurus (Bleeker). Bulletin of Marine Science 29(4): 465-480.

Dawson C.E. 1982. Review of the genus Micrognathus Duncker (Pisces: Syngnathidae), with description of M. natans, n. sp. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 95(4): 657-687.

Dawson C.E. 1984. Revision of the genus Microphis Kaup (Pisces, Syngnathidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 35(2): 117-181.

Dawson C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. 230 p.

Dawson C.E., Allen G.R. 1978. Synopsis of the 'finless' pipefish genera (Penetopteryx, Apterygocampus and Enchelyocampus, gen. nov.). Records of the Western Australian Museum 6(4): 391-411.

Debelius H. 1999. Indian Ocean reef guide. Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand, South Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar, East Africa, Seychelles. IKAN Unterwasserarchiv, Frankfurt am Main. 321 p.

Debelius H. 2001. Indian Ocean reef guide. Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand, South Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar, East Africa, Seychelles. Second revised edition. IKAN Unterwasserarchiv, Frankfurt am Main. 321 p.

Doiuchi R., Nakabo T. 2005. The Sphyraena obtusata group (Perciformes: Sphyraenidae) with a description of a new species from southern Japan. Ichthyological Research 52(2): 132-151.

Dooley J.K. 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae), with descriptions of two new species. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular 411: 1-78.

Duhamel G. 1995. Révision des genres Centriscops et Notopogon, Macroramphosidae des zones subtropicale et tempérée de l'hémisphère sud. Cybium 19(3): 261-303.

Duhamel G. 1997. Notopogon xenosoma Regan 1914 (Teleostei, Macroramphosidae) en limite de distribution subtropicale aux abords de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et de Madagascar. In: Resultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, volume 17. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 174: 83-89.

Duméril A.H.A. 1861. Poissons de la côte occidentale d'Afrique. Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 10(for 1858): 241-268.

Duméril A.H.A. 1870. Histoire naturelle des poissons; ou, ichthyologie générale. Tome Second. Ganoïdes, Dipnés, Lophobranches. Roret, Paris. 624 p.

Duncker G. 1915. Revision der Syngnathidae. Erster Teil. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg 32: 9-120.

Ebeling A.W. 1962. Melamphaidae I. Systematics and zoogeography of the species in the bathypelagic fish genus Melamphaes Günther. Dana Report 58: 1-164.

Ebert D.A. 2013. Deep-sea cartilaginous fishes of the Indian Ocean. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes 8 (1). FAO, Rome. 256 p.

Ebert D.A., Clerkin P.J. 2015. A new species of deep-sea catshark (Scyliorhinidae: Bythaelurus) from the southwestern Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 15: 53-63.

Ebert D.A., Compagno L.J.V. 2007. Biodiversity and systematics of skates (Chondrichthyes: Rajiformes: Rajoidei). Environmental Biology of Fishes 80: 111-124.

Ebert D.A., Gon O. 2017. Rhinobatos austini n. sp., a new species of guitarfish (Rhinopristiformes: Rhinobatidae) from the southwestern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4276(2): 204-214.

Ebert D.A., Straube N., Leslie R.W., Weigmann S. 2016. Etmopterus alphus n. sp.: a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the south-western Indian Ocean. African Journal of Marine Science 38(3): [1-12] 329-340. [First appeared electronically, p. 1-12; printed version with journal and page numbers appeared later.]

Ege V. 1933. On some new fishes of the families Sudidae and Stomiatidae. Preliminary note. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn 94: 223-236.

Ege V. 1934. The genus Stomias Cuv., taxonomy and bio-geography (basd on adolescent and adult specimens. Dana Report 5: 1-58.

Ege V. 1939. A revision of the genus Anguilla Shaw. A systematic, phylogenetic and geographical study. Dana Report 16: 1-257, pls. 1-6.

Ege V. 1948. Chauliodus Schn., bathypelagic genus of fishes. A systematic, phylogenetic and geographical study. Dana Report 31: 1-148.

Ege V. 1953. Paralepididae I (Paralepis and Lestidium). Taxonomy, ontogeny, phylogeny and Distribution. Dana Report 40: 1-184.

Ege V. 1957. Paralepididae II (Macroparalepis). Taxonomy, ontogeny, phylogeny and Distribution. Dana Report 43: 1-101.

Ege V. 1958. Omosudis Günther, bathypelagic genus of fish. Dana Report 47: 1-19.

Elouard J.-M. 2001. Poissons. In: J.-M. Elouard, F.-M. Gibon (Eds.). Biodiversité et biotypologie des eaux continentales de Madagascar. IRD, Montpellier and Antananarivo. pp: 255-266.

Elst R. van der, Everett B., Jiddawi N., Mwatha G., Afonso P.S., Boulle D. 2004. Fish, fishers and fisheries of the Western Indian Ocean: their diversity and status. A preliminary assessment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 363(for 2005): 263-284.

Eschmeyer W.N., Fricke R., van der Laan R. 2017. Catalog of Fishes, electronic version [updated 28 April 2017]. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp

Eschmeyer W.N., Rama-Rao K.V., Hallacher L.E. 1979. Fishes of the scorpionfish subfamily Choridactylinae from the western Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) 41(21): 475-500.

Esmark L. 1871. Om tvende nye fiske-arter: Argyropelecus elongatus E. og Maurolicus tripunctulalatus [sic] E. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania 1870: 488-490.

Fautin D.G., Allen G.R. 1992. Field guide to anemonefishes and their host sea anemones. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 160 p.

Fernandez-Silva I., Ho H.-C. 2017. Revision of the circumtropical glasseye fish Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Perciformes: Priacanthidae), with resurrection of two species. Zootaxa 4273(3): 341-361.

Feutry P., Castelin M., Grondin H., Cruaud C., Couloux A., Keith P. 2012. First record of Kuhlia sauvagii Regan, 1913 (Perciformes) in Mayotte and Réunion islands, western Indian Ocean. Cybium 36(3): 493-494.

Fischer W., Bianchi G. 1984. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes: Western Indian Ocean. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Forster G.R., Badcock J.R., Longbottom N.R., Merrett N.R., Thomson K.S. 1970. Results of the Royal Society Indian Ocean Deep Slope Fishing Expedition, 1969. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 175: 367-404.

Fourmanoir P. 1957. Poissons Téléostéens des eaux malgaches du canal de Mozambique. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série F, Océanographie 1: 1-316.

Fourmanoir P. 1959. Lutjanus guilcheri, nouvelle espèce de Lutjanide capturée dans le Nord-Ouest de Madagascar. Naturaliste Malgache 10(1-2)(for 1958): 129-130, pl. 3.

Fourmanoir P. 1961a. Liste complémentaire des poissons du Canal de Mozambique. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série F, Océanographie 4: 83-107.

Fourmanoir P. 1961b. Requins de la cote ouest de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série F, Océanographie 4: 1-81.

Fourmanoir P. 1963a. Distribution écologique des poissons des recifs coralliens et d'herbiers de la cote ouest de Madagascar. La Terre et la Vie 1963(1): 81-100.

Fourmanoir P. 1963b. Epinephelus fuscus nouvelle espèce de Serranidé trouvée dans les eaux Malgaches. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 35(2): 140-142.

Fourmanoir P. 1963c. Raies et requins-scie de la cote ouest de Madagascar (ordre des Batoidei). Cahiers ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer), Série Océanographie 6: 33-58.

Fourmanoir P., Crosnier A. 1964. Deuxième liste complémentaire des poissons du canal de Mozambique. Diagnoses préliminaire de 11 espèces nouvelles. Cahiers ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie 6(for 1963): 2-32.

Fourmanoir P., Do-Thi N.-N. 1965. Liste complémentaire des poissons marins de Nha-Trang. Cahiers ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer), Série Océanographie, Special Issue, 1965: 1-114

Fourmanoir P., Guézé P. 1967. Poissons nouveaux ou peu connus provenant de la Réunion et de Madagascar [with subtitles]. Cahiers ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer), Série Océanographie 5(1): 47-58.

Fourmanoir P., Postel E. 1965. Sur une petite collection de poissons rapportée de Madagascar par M. G. Cherbonnier. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, (2)37(3): 403-406.

Fowler H.W. 1923. Fishes from Madeira, Syria, Madagascar, and Victoria, Australia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 75: 33-45.

Fowler H.W. 1933. Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the families Banjosidae...Enoplosidae collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Bulletin of the United States National Museum (100)12: 1-465.

Fraser T.H. 2000. A new species of Apogon (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from the Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, with redescriptions of Apogon regani Whitley, 1951, A. gardineri Regan, 1908, and A. heraldi (Herre, 1943). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 113(1): 249-263.

Fraser T.H. 2005. A review of the species in the Apogon fasciatus group with a description of a new species of cardinalfish from the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 924: 1-30.

Fraser T.H. 2008. Cardinalfishes of the genus Nectamia (Apogonidae, Perciformes) from the Indo-Pacific region with descriptions of four new species. Zootaxa 1691: 1-52.

Fraser T.H. 2013. A new genus of cardinalfish (Apogonidae: Percomorpha), redescription of Archamia and resemblances and relationships with Kurtus (Kurtidae: Percomorpha). Zootaxa 3714(1): 1-63.

Fraser T.H., Allen G.R. 2001. A new species of cardinalfish in Neamia (Apogonidae, Perciformes) from Mauritius, Indian Ocean, with a review of Neamia octospina. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 159-165.

Fraser T.H., Allen G.R. 2010. Cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides Smith, 1949 (Apogonidae) with a description of a new species from the West-Pacific region. Zootaxa 2348: 40-56.

Fraser T.H., Lachner E.A. 1985. A revision of the cardinalfish subgenera Pristiapogon and Zoramia (genus Apogon) of the Indo-Pacific region (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 412: 1-47.

Fraser T.H., Randall J.E. 2011. Two new species of Foa (Apogonidae) from the Pacific Plate, with redescriptions of Foa brachygramma and Foa fo. Zootaxa 2988: 1-27.

Frédérich B., Fabri G., Lepoint G., Vandevalle P., Parmentier E. 2009. Trophic niches of thirteen damselfishes (Pomacentridae) at the Grand Récif of Toliara, Madagascar. Ichthological Research 56(1): 10-17.

Frédérich B., Lehanse O., Vandevalle P., Lepoint G. 2010. Trophic niche width, shift, and specialization of Dascyllus aruanus in Toliara lagoon, Madagascar. Copeia 2010(2): 218-226.

Frédérich B., Michel L.N., Zaeytydt E., Bolaya R.L., Lavitra T., Parmentier E., Lepoint G. 2017. Comparative feeding ecology of cardinalfishes (Apogonidae) at Toliara Reef, Madagascar. Zoological Studies 56(10): 1-14.

Fricke H.W. 1970. Erste Funde junger Röhrenaale von Gorgasia sillneri Klausewitz und Taenioconger hassi (Klausewitz & Eibesfeldt) (Pisces: Apodes: Heterocongridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 51(5/6): 307-310.

Fricke R. 1982. Nominal genera and species of dragonets (Teleostei: Callionymidae, Draconettidae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 'Giacomo Doria' 84: 53-92.

Fricke R. 1983. Revision of the Indo-Pacific genera and species of the dragonet family Callionymidae (Teleostei). J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 774 p.

Fricke R. 1997. Tripterygiid fishes of the western and central Pacific, with descriptions of 15 new species, including an annotated checklist of world Tripterygiidae (Teleostei). Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein. 607 p.

Fricke R. 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius, Réunion, Rodriguez). An annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein. 759 p.

Fricke R. 2002. Annotated checklist of the dragonet families Callionymidae and Draconettidae (Teleostei: Callionymoidei), with comments on callionymid fish classification. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde (A)645: 1-103.

Fricke R. 2009. Callionymus aagilis Fricke, redescription and new record from Mauritius (Teleostei: Callionymidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, N.S. 2: 169-175.

Fricke R., Cadet C., Mulochau T. 2016. First record of the sawspine dragonet, Diplogrammus infulatus Smith, 1963 (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Callionymidae), from La Réunion, south-western Indian Ocean. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 45(4)(for 2015): 407-410.

Fricke R., Durville P., Bernardi G., Borsa P., Mou-Tham G., Chabanet P. 2013. Checklist of the shore fishes of Europa Island, Mozambique Channel, southwestern Indian Ocean, including 302 new records. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, A, N.S. 6: 247-276.

Fricke R., Durville P., Mulochau T. 2013. Scorpaenopsis rubrimarginatus, a new species of scorpionfish from Réunion, southwestern Indian Ocean (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae). Cybium 37(3): 207-215.

Fricke R., Mulochau T., Durville P., Chabanet P., Tessier E, Letourneur Y. 2009. Annotated checklist of the fish species (Pisces) of La Réunion, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, N.S. 2: 1-168.

Fukui Y., Motomura H. 2016. Terelabrus flavocephalus sp. nov., a new hogfish (Perciformes: Labridae) from the Maldives, Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Research 63(4): [1-7] 529-535. [First published online, p. 1-7, on 27 Apr. 2016. Printed version published in Oct. 2016]

Garrick J.A.F. 1967. Revision of sharks of genus Isurus with description of a new species (Galeoidea, Lamnidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 118(3537): 663-690.

Garrick J.A.F. 1982. Sharks of the genus Carcharhinus. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular 445: 1-194.

Gibbs Jr., R.H. 1969. Taxonomy, sexual dimorphism, vertical distribution, and evolutionary zoogeography of the bathypelagic fish genus Stomias (family Stomiatidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 31: 1-25.

Gibbs Jr., R.H., Amaoka K., Haruta C. 1984. Astronesthes trifibulatus, a new Indo-Pacific stomioid fish (family Astronesthidae) related to the Atlantic A. similis. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 31(1): 5-14.

Gibbs Jr., R.H., Clarke T.A., Gomon J.R. 1983. Taxonomy and distribution of the stomioid fish genus Eustomias (Melanostomiidae), I: subgenus Nominostomias. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 380: 1-139.

Gill A.C. 2004. Revision of the Indo-Pacific dottyback fish subfamily Pseudochrominae (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Smithiana Monographs 1: 1-213.

Gill A.C., Edwards A.J. 2004. Revision of the Indian Ocean dottyback fish genera Chlidichthys and Pectinochromis (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae). Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 3: 1-46.

Gill A.C., Fricke R. 2001. Revision of the western Indian Ocean fish subfamily Anisochrominae (Perciformes, Pseudochromidae). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Zoology) 67: 191-207.

Gillibrand C.J., Harris A.R., Mara E. 2007. Inventory and spatial assemblage study of reef fish in the area of Andavadoaka, south-west Madagascar (western Indian Ocean). Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 6(2): 183-197.

Golani D. 1984. Sargocentron macrosquamis a new squirrelfish from the Amirantes Islands and the Red Sea (Holocentridae, Pisces). Cybium 8(2): 39-43.

Gomon M.F. 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 30: 1-133.

Gon O. 1997. Revision of the cardinalfish subgenus Jaydia (Perciformes, Apogonidae, Apogon). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 51(for 1996): 147-194.

Gon O., Allen G.R. 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294: 1-84.

Gon O., Randall J.E. 2003. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Archamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 35: 1-49.

Greenfield D.W. 1974. A revision of the squirrelfish genus Myripristis Cuvier (Pisces: Holocentridae). Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 19: 1-54.

Greenfield D.W. 2001. Revision of the Apogon erythrinus complex (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Copeia 2001(2): 459-472.

Greenfield D.W. 2014. A new toadfish species from Somalia (Teleostei: Batrachoididae). Copeia 2014(4): 668-672.

Greenfield D.W., Langston, R.C. & Randall, J.E. 2005. Two new cardinalfishes of the Indo-Pacific fish genus Zoramia (Apogonidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 56(33): 625-637.

Greenfield D.W., Smith W.L. 2004. Allenbatrachus meridionalis, a new toadfish (Batrachoididae) from Madagascar and Reunion. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 55(30): 568-572.

Griffiths M.H., Heemstra P.C. 1995. A contribution to the taxonomy of the marine fish genus Argyrosomus (Perciformes: Sciaenidae), with description of two new species from southern Africa. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 65: 1-40.

Guichenot A. 1847. Description de deux nouvelles espèces de Cossyphes. Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) 10: 282-284.

Guichenot A. 1848. Sur une nouvelle espèce de malacanthe. Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) 11: 14-15.

Guichenot A. 1865. Catalogue des Scaridés de la collection du Musée de Paris. Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg 11 (= Série 2, tome 1): 1-75.

Guichenot A. 1866. Catalogue des poissons de Madagascar de la Collection du Musée de Paris avec la description de plusieurs espèces nouvelles. Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg 12: 129-148.

Guichenot A. 1869. Notice sur quelques poissons inédits de Madagascar et de la Chine. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 5(3): 193-206.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1859. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 1. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. British Museum, London. 524 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1860. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 2. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Squamipinnes, Cirrhitidae, Triglidae, Trachinidae, Sciaenidae, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae, Carangidae, Xiphiidae. British Museum, London. 548 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1861. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 3. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gobiidae, Discoboli, Pediculati, Blenniidae, Labyrinthici, Mugilidae, Notacanthi. British Museum, London. 586 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1862. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 4. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii, Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 534 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1864. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 5. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Siluridae, Characinidae, Haplochitonidae, Sternoptychidae, Scopelidae, Stomiatidae in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 455 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1866. Catalogue of fishes in the British Museum. Volume 6. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Salmonidae, Percopsidae, Galaxidae, Mormyridae, Gymnarchidae, Esocidae, Umbridae, Scombresocidae, Cyprinodontidae, in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 368 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 7. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 512 p.

Günther A.[C.L.G.] 1870. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume 8. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Gymnotidae, Symbranchidae, Muraenidae, Pegasidae, and of the Lophobranchii, Plectognathi, Dipnoi, ...[thru] ... Leptocardii, in the British Museum. British Museum, London. 549 p.

Harmelin-Vivien M.L., Bouchon C. 1976. Feeding behavior of some carnivorous fishes (Serranidae and Scorpaenidae) from Tuléar (Malagasy). Marine Biology 37: 329-340.

Harold A.S., Lancaster K. 2003. A new species of the hatchetfish genus Argyripnus (Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae) from the Indo-Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116(4): 883-891.

Harris A.R. 2011. Out of sight but no longer out of mind: a climate of change for marine conservation in Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development 6(1): 7-14.

Harrison I.J., Senou H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. Mugilidae. Mullets. In: K.E. Carpenter, V.E. Niem (Eds.). Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. pp: 2069-2108.

Heemstra E., Heemstra P.C., Smale M.J., Hooper T., Pelicier D. 2004. Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues. Journal of Natural History 38: 3315-3344.

Heemstra P.C., Akhilesh K.V. 2012. A review of the anthiine fish genus Pseudanthias (Perciformes: Serranidae) of the western Indian Ocean, with description of a new species and a key to the species. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 18(3): 121-164.

Heemstra P.C., Freeman A.L.J., Wong H.Y., Hensley D.A., Rabesandratana H.D. 1996. First authentic capture of a coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae (Pisces: Latimeriidae), off Madagascar. South African Journal of Science 92: 150-151.

Heemstra P.C., Hissmann K., Fricke H., Smale M.J., Schauer J. 2006. Fishes of the deep demersal habitat at Ngazidja (Grande Comoro) Island, Western Indian Ocean. South African Journal of Science 102: 444-460.

Heemstra P.C., Randall J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae); an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue 16. FAO, Rome. 382 p.

Heemstra P.C., Randall J.E. 2009. A review of the anthiine fish genus Plectranthias (Perciformes: Serranidae) of the western Indian Ocean, with description of a new species, and a key to the species. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 10: 3-17.

Hensley D.A. 2003. On the status of Rhombus cocosensis Bleeker, and description of a new species of Engyprosopon based on misidentification of this species (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae). Copeia 2003(4): 833-837.

Hensley D.A. 2005. Revision of the genus Asterorhombus (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae). Copeia 2005(3): 445-460.

Ho H.-C. 2013. Two new species of the batfish genus Malthopsis (Lophiiformes: Ogcocephalidae) from the Western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3716(2): 289-300.

Ho H.-C., Heemstra P.C., Imamura H. 2014. A new species of the sandperch genus Parapercis from the western Indian Ocean (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae). Zootaxa 3802(3): 333-345.

Ho H.-C., Last P.R. 2013. Two new species of the coffinfish genus Chaunax (Lophiiformes: Chaunacidae) from the Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3710(5): 436-448.

Ho H.-C., Ma W.-C. 2016. Revision of southern African species of the anglerfish genus Chaunax (Lophiiformes: Chaunacidae), with description of three new species. Zootaxa 4144(2): 175-194.

Ho H.-C., Shao K.-T. 2008. The batfishes (Lophiiformes Ogcocephalidae) of Taiwan, with descriptions of eight new records. Journal of the Fisheries Society of Taiwan 35(4): 289-313.

Ho H.-C., Shao K.-T. 2010. A review of Malthopsis jordani Gilbert, 1905, with description of a new batfish from the Indo-Pacific Ocean (Lophiiformes: Ogcocephalidae). Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Series A) Supplement 4: 9-19.

Ho H.-C., Smith D.G., Tighe K.A. 2015. Review of the arrowtooth eel genera Dysomma and Dysommina in Taiwan, with the description of a new species (Anguilliformes: Synaphobranchidae: Ilyophinae). Zootaxa 4060(1): 86-104.

Hoese D.F., Larson H.K. 1994. Revision of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fish genus Valenciennea, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 23: 1-71.

Hoese D.F., Reader S. 1985. A new gobiid fish, Fusigobius duospilus, from the tropical Indo-Pacific. Special Publication, J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 36: 1-9.

Holleman W. 1982. Three new species and a new genus of tripterygiid fishes (Blenniodei) from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) 14(4): 109-137.

Holleman W. 2005. A review of the triplefin fish genus Enneapterygius (Blennioidei: Tripterygidae) in the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of four new species. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 5: 1-25.

Holleman W. 2006. Fishes of the Helcogramma steinitzi species group (Blennioidei: Tripterygiidae) from the Indian Ocean, with descriptions of two new species. aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 11(3): 89-104.

Holleman W. 2007. Fishes of the genus Helcogramma (Blennioidei: Tripterygiidae) in the western Indian Ocean, including Sri Lanka, with descriptions of four new species. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 7: 51-81.

Holleman W., Bogorodsky S.V. 2012. A review of the blennioid fish family Tripterygiidae (Perciformes) in the Red Sea, with description of Enneapterygius qirmiz, and reinstatement of Enneapterygius altipinnis Clark, 1980. Zootaxa 3152: 36-60.

Holleman W., Connell A.D., Carpenter K.E. 2013. Caesio xanthalytos, a new species of fusilier (Perciformes: Caesionidae) from the Western Indian Ocean, with records of range extensions for several species of Caesionidae. Zootaxa 3702(3): 262-272.

Holly M. 1928. Zwei noch nicht beschriebene Fischformen aus Afrika. Zoologischer Anzeiger 76(11/12)(9): 312-314.

Hubert N., Dettaï A, Pruvost P., Kulbicki M., Myers R., Borsa P. 2017. Geography and life history traits account for the accumulation of cryptic diversity among Indo-West Pacific coral reef fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 583: 179-193

Hubert N., Meyer C.P., Bruggemann H.J., Guérin F., Komeno R.J.L., Espiau B., Causse R., Williams J.T., Planes S. 2012. Cryptic diversity in Indo-Pacific coral-reef fishes revealed by DNA-barcoding provides new support to the centre-of-overlap hypothesis. PLoS ONE 7(3)(e28987): 1-8. [A supplementary Tab. S1 was also posted online.]

Humber F., Andriamahaino E.T., Beriziny T., Botosoamananto R., Godley B.J., Gough C., Pedron S., Ramahery V., Broderick A.C. 2017. Assessing the small-scale shark fishery of Madagascar through community-based monitoring and knowledge. Fisheries Research 186: 131-143.

Hutchins J.B. 1984. Monacanthidae. Pp. 1-6 + 14 unnumbered pp., In: W. Fischer, G. Bianchi (Eds.). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes: Western Indian Ocean. Volume 3. FAO, Rome.

Ivantsoff W. 1984. Atherinidae. Silversides. 9 unnumbered pp. In: W. Fischer, G. Bianchi (Eds.). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes: Western Indian Ocean. Volume 1. FAO, Rome.

Iwamoto T., Anderson M.E. 1994. Review of the grenadiers (Teleostei: Gadiformes) of southern Africa, with descriptions of four new species. Ichthyological Bulletin, J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 61: 1-28.

Iwamoto T., Shcherbachev Yu.N. 1991. Macrourid fishes of the subgenus Chalinura, genus Coryphaenoides, from the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 47(7): 207-233.

Iwatsuki Y., Al-Mamry J.M., Heemstra P.C. 2016. Validity of a blue stripe snapper, Lutjanus octolineatus (Cuvier 1828) and a related species, L. bengalensis (Bloch 1790) with a new species (Pisces; Lutjanidae) from the Arabian Sea. Zootaxa 4098(3): 511-528.

Iwatsuki Y., Heemstra P.C. 2001. Gerres phaiya: a new species of gerreid fish (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gerreidae) from India, with comments on Gerres poieti and the Gerres erythrourus complex. Copeia 2001(4): 1043-1049.

Iwatsuki Y., Heemstra P.C. 2011. A review of the Acanthopagrus bifasciatus species complex (Pisces: Sparidae) from the Indian Ocean, with redescriptions of A. bifasciatus (Forsskål 1775) and A. catenula (Lacepède 1801). Zootaxa 3025: 38-50.

Iwatsuki Y., Heemstra P.C. 2015. Redescriptions of Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus (Klunzinger 1870) and P. lineopunctatus (Boulenger 1903), with two new species from western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4059(1): 133-150.

Iwatsuki Y., Kimura S. 1997. Gerres methueni Regan, 1920, a senior synonym of G. rappi (Barnard, 1927) (Perciformes: Gerreidae). Ichthyological Research 44(1): 1-7.

Iwatsuki Y., Kimura S., Yoshino T. 1998. Redescription of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch, 1791), a senior synonym of G. abbreviatus Bleeker, 1850 (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gerreidae). Copeia 1998(1): 165-172.

Iwatsuki Y., Kimura S., Yoshino T. 2001. Redescription of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède, 1801) and Gerres oblongus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830, included in the Gerres longirostris complex (Perciformes: Gerreidae). Copeia 2001(4): 954-965.

Iwatsuki Y., Matsuda T., Starnes W.C., Nakabo T., Yoshino T. 2012. A valid priacanthid species, Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862), and a redescription of P. niphonia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) in the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Priacanthidae). Zootaxa 3206: 41-57.

James P.S.B.R. 1978. A systematic review of the fishes of the family Leiognathidae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 17(1)(for Apr. 1975): 138-172.

Jaonalison H., Mahafina J., Ponton D. 2016. Fish post-larvae assemblages at two contrasted coral reef habitats in southwest Madagascar. Marine Science 2016: 1-30. [Electronic prepublication.]

Jatzow R., Lenz H. 1898. Fische von Ost-Afrika, Madagaskar und Aldabra. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 21: 497-531.

Johnson J.W., Wilmer J.W. 2015. Plectorhinchus caeruleonothus, a new species of sweetlips (Perciformes: Haemulidae) from northern Australia and the resurrection of P. unicolor (Macleay, 1883), species previously confused with P. schotaf (Forsskål, 1775). Zootaxa 3985(4): 491-522.

Johnson R.K. 1974a. Five new species and a new genus of alepisauroid fishes of the Scopelarchidae (Pisces: Myctophiformes). Copeia 1974(2): 449-457.

Johnson R.K. 1974b. A revision of the alepisauroid family Scopelarchidae (Pisces: Myctophiformes). Fieldiana Zoology 66: 1-249.

Johnson R.K. 1982. Fishes of the families Evermannellidae and Scopelarchidae: systematics, morphology, interrelationships, and zoogeography. Fieldiana Zoology (New Series) 12: 1-252.

Johnson R.K., Bertelsen E. 1991. The fishes of the family Giganturidae: systematics, distribution and aspects of biology. Dana Report 91: 1-45.

Jonahson M., Harding S. 2007. Occurrence of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) in Madagascar. Fisheries Research 84: 132-135.

Jones C.C., Smith W.L., Sparks J.S. 2010. A new species of rainbowfish (Teleostei: Melanotaenioidei: Bedotiidae) from the Makira Region of northeastern Madagascar. Copeia 2010(2): 284-291.

Jubb R.A. 1963. First record of the African mottled eed, Anguilla nebulosa labiata Peters, from the inland waters of Madagascar. South African Journal of Science 59: 421.

Juillerat E. 1880. Note sur un lophobranche du genre Coelonotus. Bulletin de la Société Philomathique de Paris (Série 7) 4: 176.

Kaga T., Heemstra E. 2012. First record of a rare sand whiting, Sillago caudicula (Perciformes: Sillaginidae), from Madagascar. Marine Biology Research 9(for 2013): 316-320.

Karmovskaya E.S. 1985. Mesopelagic eels of family Derichthyidae (Anguilliformes). Voprosy Ikhtiologii 25(6): 883-898. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 25(6):119-134.]

Karmovskaya E.S. 1990. Leptocephali of eels of the genus Nemichthys (Nemichthyidae, Osteichthyes). [English translation.] Journal of Ichthyology 30(4): 28-42.

Karmovskaya E.S. 1991. The new species of conger eels (Congridae) from the western Indian Ocean. [In Russian.] Voprosy Ikhtiologii 3 (6): 891-897. [English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 32(3), 1992: 1-8.]

Karmovskaya E.S. 1993. Systematics and distribution of the eel genus Gavialiceps (Congridae) in the Indo-West Pacific. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 33(6): 742-752. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 34(3): 73-89.]

Karrer C. 1983. Anguilliformes du Canal de Mozambique (Pisces, Teleostei). Faune Tropicale 23(for 1982): 1-116.

Karrer C., Smith D.G. 1980. A new genus and species of congrid eel from the Indo-west Pacific. Copeia 1980(4): 642-648.

Kaup J.J. 1853. Uebersicht der Lophobranchier. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 19 (1): 226-234.

Kaup J.J. 1856a. Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 163 p.

Kaup J.J. 1856b. Catalogue of lophobranchiate fish in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London. 76 p.

Kawai T. 2016. Peristedion richardsi sp. nov. (Actinopterygii: Teleostei: Peristediidae) from Indonesian waters, with synonymy between Peristedion riversandersoni Alcock, 1894 and Peristedion nierstraszi Weber, 1913. Zootaxa 4171(2): 335-346.

Keith P., Bosc P., Valade P. 2004. A new species of Parioglossus (Gobioidei, Ptereleotridae) from Seychelles Islands. Cybium 28(4): 341-344.

Keith P., Lord C., Maeda, K. 2015. Indo-Pacific Sicydiine gobies biodiversity, life traits and conservation. Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Paris. 256 p.

Keith P., Marquet G., Taillebois L. 2011. Discovery of the freshwater genus Sicyopus (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Sicydiinae) in Madagascar, with a description of a new species and comments on regional dispersal. Journal of Natural History 45(43-44): 2725-2746.

Kiener A. 1963. Gobioidei (Pisces) nouveaux ou rares de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 35(4): 328-333.

Kiener A., Maugé A.L. 1966. Contributions à l'étude systématique et écologique des poissons Cichlidae endémiques de Madagascar. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série A, Zoologie 40(2): 51-99.

Kiener A., Richard-Vindard G. 1972. Fishes of the continental waters of Madagascar. In: R. Battistini, G. Richard-Vindard (Eds.). Biogeography and ecology in Madagascar. W. Junk, The Hague. pp: 477-499.

Kim B.-J., Amaoka K. 2001. A new species, Parupeneus procerigena, from the Saya de Malha Bank in the western Indian Ocean (Perciformes: Mullidae). Ichthyological Research 48(1): 45-50.

Kimura S., Iwatsuki Y., Yoshino T. 2001. Redescriptions of the Indo-West Pacific atherinid fishes, Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy and Gaimard, 1825) and A. duodecimalis (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835). Ichthyological Research 48(2): 167-177.

Klausewitz W. 1971. Poeciloconger fasciatus Günther, ein Neunachweis für Madagascar (Pisces: Apodes: Congridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 52(3/5): 197-200.

Knapp L.W. 1996. Review of the genus Cociella Whitley (Teleostei: Platycephalidae) with the description of three new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 109(1): 17-33.

Knapp L.W. 2013. Descriptions of four new species of Thysanophrys (Scorpaeniformes: Platycephalidae) from the Western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3608(2): 127-136.

Knapp L.W., Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Sorsogona humerosa, a new flathead fish (Scorpaeniformes: Platycephalidae) from the western Indian Ocean. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 13: 75-78.

Knudsen S.W., Clements K.D. 2013. Revision of the family Kyphosidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Zootaxa 3751(1): 1-101.

Kobyliansky S.G. 2013. Two new species of green eyes of the genus Chlorophthalmus (Chlorophthalmidae, Aulopidae) from the continental slope and submarine rises of the western tropical part of the Indian Ocean. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 53(4): 381-388. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 53(6): 373-379.]

Koeda K., Yoshino T., Imai H., Tachihara K. 2014. A review of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes, Pempheridae) of the Red Sea, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3793(3): 301-330.

Kotlyar A.N. 1986a. Classification and distribution of fishes of the family Anoplogasteridae (Beryciformes). Voprosy Ikhtiologii 26(4): 531-551. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 27(1), 1987: 133-153.]

Kotlyar A.N. 1986b. Systematics and distribution of species of the genus Hoplostethus Cuvier (Beryciformes, Trachichthyidae). [In Russian, English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 121: 97-140.

Kotlyar A.N. 1992. A new species of the genus Polymixia from the submarine Kyushu-Palau Ridge, and notes on other representatives of the genus (Polymixiidae, Beryciformes). Voprosy Ikhtiologii 32(6): 11-26. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 33(3), 1993: 30-49.]

Kotlyar A.N. 1993. Beryciform fishes from the western Indian Ocean collected in cruise of R/V "Vityaz". Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 128: 179-198.

Kotlyar A.N. 1996. Beryciform fishes of the world ocean. [In Russian.] VNIRO Publishing, Moscow. 368 p.

Kotlyar A.N. 2001. A rare zeid species - Parazen pacificus: osteology, systematics, and distribution (Parazenidae, Zeiformes). Voprosy Ikhtiologii 41(6): 725-736. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 41(2):687-697.]

Kotlyar A.N. 2008a. Revision of the genus Poromitra (Melamphaidae): Part 1. Species of group P. crassiceps. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 48(4): 437-450. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 48(7): 479-492.]

Kotlyar A.N. 2008b. Revision of the genus Poromitra (Melamphaeidae): Part 2. New species of the group P. crassiceps. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 48(5): 581-592. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 48(8): 553-564.]

Kotlyar A.N. 2015. Revision of the genus Melamphaes (Melamphaidae): 4. Oligo-raker species: M. parvus Ebeling, M. janae Ebeling, M. lentiginosus sp. n., M. shcherbachevi sp. n. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 55(6): 636-649. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 55(6): 765-777.]

Kotlyar A.N. 2016a. Revision of the genus Melamphaes (Melamphaidae): 5. Oligo-raker species: M. indicus, M. eurous, and M. typhlops. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 56(1): 22-33. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 56(1):19-30.]

Kotlyar A.N. 2016b. Revision of the genus Melamphaes (Melamphaidae): 7. Oligo-raker species: M. danae and M. pumilis. [In Russian.] Voprosy Ikhtiologii 56(4): 379-390. [English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 56(4): 477-487.]

Kottelat M. 2013. Dates of publication of Bleeker's Atlas ichthyologique and Poissons de Madagascar. Zootaxa 3681(3): 281-285.

Kovačić M., Bogorodsky S.V. 2013. Two new species of Cabillus (Perciformes: Gobiidae) and the first record of Cabillus macrophthalmus from the Western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3717(2): 179-194.

Kuiter R.H. 2009. Seahorses and their relatives. Aquatic Photographics, Seaford, Victoria, Australia. 333 p.

Kuiter R.H., Debelius H. 1999. Description of a new butterflyfish, Chaetodon andamanensis, from the eastern Indian Ocean. Senckenbergiana Biologica 79(2): 231-235.

Kukuev E.I. 1998. Systematics and distribution in the World Ocean of daggertooth fishes of the genus Anotopterus (Anotopteridae, Aulopiformes). Voprosy Ikhtiologii 38(6): 745-759. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 38(9): 716-729.]

Lacepède B.G.E. 1801. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome troisième. Plassan, Paris. 558 p.

Lacepède B.G.E. 1802. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatrième. Plassan, Paris. 728.

Lacepède B.G.E. 1803. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome cinquième. Plassan, Paris. 803 p.

Lachner E.A. Karnella S.J. 1978. Fishes of the genus Eviota of the Red Sea with descriptions of three new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 286: 1-23.

Lachner E.A., Karnella S.J. 1980. Fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Eviota with descriptions of eight new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 315: 1-127.

Laroche J., Ramananarivo N. 1995. A preliminary survey of the artisanal fishery on coral reefs of the Tulear Region (southwest Madagascar). Coral Reefs 14: 193-200.

Laroche J., Razanoelisoa J., Fauroux E., Rabenevanana M.W. 1997. The reef fisheries surrounding the south-west coastal cities of Madagascar. Fisheries Management and Ecology 4(4): 285-299.

Larson H.K. 1990. A revision of the commensal gobiid genera Pleurosicya and Luposicya (Gobiidae), with descriptions of eight new species of Pleurosicya and discussion of related genera. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences 7(1): 1-53.

Larson H.K., Buckle D.J. 2012. A revision of the goby genus Gnatholepis Bleeker (Teleostei, Gobiidae, Gobionellinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3529: 1-69.

Last P.R., White W.T., Carvalho M.R. de, Séret B., Stehmann M.F.W., Naylor G.J.P. 2016. Rays of the world. Clayton South, Victoria, Australia (CSIRO Publishing). 790 p.

Lea J.S.E., Humphries N.E., Clarke C.R., Sims D.W. 2015. To Madagascar and back: long-distance, return migration across open ocean by a pregnant female bull shark Carcharhinus leucas. Journal of Fish Biology 87: 1313-1321.

Lenz H. 1881. Ein neuer Fisch und zwei neue Myriapoden von Nossi-Bé. Gesammelt von Herrn Carl Reuter. Zoologischer Anzeiger 4(93): 506-508.

Lepoint G., Michel L.N., Parmentier E., Frédérich B. 2016. Trophic ecology of the seagrass-inhabiting footballer demoiselle Chrysiptera annulata (Peters, 1855); comparison with three other reef-associated damselfishes. Belgian Journal of Zoology 146(1): 21-32.

Lieske E., Myers R.F. 1994. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean. Harper Collins, London. 400 p.

Loiselle P.V. 2006. A review of the Malagasy Pachypanchax (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes, Aplocheilidae), with descriptions of four new species. Zootaxa 1366: 1-44.

Loiselle P.V., Rodriguez D. 2007. A new species of Bedotia (Teleostei: Atherinomorpha: Bedotiidae) from the Rianila drainage of eastern Madagascar, with redescriptions of Bedotia madagascariensis and Bedotia geayi. Zootaxa 1520: 1-18.

Loiselle P.V., Stiassny M.L.J. 2007. Rehabilitation of the Malagasy endemic Kuhlia sauvagii Regan, 1913 (Teleostei: Perciformes), with the designation of a neotype for Centropomis rupestris Lacépéde [sic], 1802. American Museum Novitates 3561: 1-13.

Losse G.F. 1968. A new record of the anchovy Stolephorus heterolobus (Rüppell) from the coast of Madagascar. Cahiers ORSTOM, Série Océanographie 6(2): 117-119.

Mabuchi K., Fraser T.H., Song H., Azuma Y., Nishida M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151-203.

Mailliet C., Saunders A. 2004. Review of recent work on Bedotia spp. (Teleostei: Atheriniformes), both described and recently collected. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 9(2): 45-64.

Maina J., Moel H. de, Zinke J., Madin J., McClanahan T., Vermaat J.E. 2013. Human deforestation outweighs future climate change impacts of sedimentation on coral reefs. Nature Communications 4(1986): 1-7.

Mandrytsa S.A. 1992. The new species and new records of fishes from the genera Phenacoscorpius and Plectrogenium in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 32(4): 10-17. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 32(7):100-109.]

Marceniuk A.P., Bogorodsky S.V., Mal A.O., Alpermann T.J. 2017. Redescription of the blacktip sea catfish Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes) (Siluriformes: Ariidae), with a new record from the Red Sea and notes on the diversity and distribution of Plicofollis spp. Marine Biodiversity 2017: 1-12. [Early online version, published 12 July 2017.]

Markle D.F., Olney J.E. 1990. Systematics of the pearlfishes (Pisces: Carapidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 47(2): 269-410.

Martinez C.M., Arroyave J., Sparks J.S. 2015. A new species of Ptychochromis from southeastern Madagascar (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Zootaxa 4044 (1): 79-92.

Matsunuma M., Motomura H. 2014a. A new species of scorpionfish, Ebosia saya (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae), from the western Indian Ocean and notes on fresh coloration of Ebosia falcata. Ichthyological Research 62(3): [1-20] 293-312. [First published online in 2014, p. 1-20; printed version with final page numbers appeared on 30 Apr. 2015.]

Matsunuma M., Motomura H. 2014b. Pterois paucispinula, a new species of lionfish (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) from the western Pacific Ocean. Ichthyological Research 62(3): [1-20] 327-346. [First published online in 2014, p. 1-20; printed version with final page numbers appeared on 30 Apr. 2015.]

Matsunuma M., Motomura H. 2015a. A new species of scorpionfish, Ebosia vespertina (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae), from the southwestern Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Research 63(1): [1-11] 110-120. [First published online in 2015, p. 1-11; printed version with final page numbers appeared in Jan. 2016.]

Matsunuma M., Motomura H. 2015b. Redescriptions of Pterois radiata and Pterois cincta (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) with notes on geographic morphological variations in P. radiata. Ichthyological Research 63(1): [1-28] 145-172. [First published online in 2015, p. 1-28; printed version with final page numbers appeared in Jan. 2016.]

Matsunuma M., Motomura H., Bogorodsky S.V. 2017. Review of Indo-Pacific dwarf lionfishes (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) in the Dendrochirus brachypterus complex, with description of a new species from the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Research 2017: 1-46. [First published online on 20 Apr. 2017.]

Matsunuma M., Sakurai M., Motomura H. 2013. Revision of the Indo-West Pacific genus Brachypterois (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae), with description of a new species from northeastern Australia. Zootaxa 3693(4): 401-440.

Maugé A.L. 1967. Contribution préliminaire à l'inventaire ichtyologique de la région de Tuléar. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d' Endoume, Supplément 7: 101-132. [Also published in Annales de la Faculté des Sciences, Université de Madagascar, 5, 1967: 215-246.]

Maugé A.L. 1978. Statut de deux syngnahidées signalées par H. Sauvage dans la région de Madagascar en 1891. Cybium (3)3: 95-99.

Maugé A.L. 1981. Syngnathus lumbricoides, espèce nouvelle de syngnathe de l'Océan Indien occidental (Pisces, Teleostei, Syngnathidae). Cybium (3e série) 5(1): 61-64.

Maugé A.L. 1984. Diagnoses préliminaires d'Eleotridae des eaux douces de Madagascar. Cybium 8(4): 98-100.

Maugé A.L., Bardach J.E. 1985. Congrogadinae de Madagascar (Pisces, Pseudochromidae) description d'Halimuraenoides isostigma n. g. et n. sp. Cybium 9(4): 375-384.

McCosker J.E. 2010. Deepwater Indo-Pacific species of the snake-eel genus Ophichthus (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with the description of nine new species. Zootaxa 2505: 1-39.

McCosker J.E., Randall J.E. 2001. Revision of the snake-eel genus Brachysomophis (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with description of two new species and comments on the species of Mystriophis. Indo-Pacific Fishes 33: 1-32.

McKay R.J. 1985. A revision of the fishes of the family Sillaginidae. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 22(1): 1-73.

McKay R.J. 1992. Sillaginid fishes of the world. (Family Sillaginidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the Sillago, Smelt or Indo-Pacific whiting species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (14): 1-87.

McKenna S.A., Allen G.R. 2005. A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of northwest Madagascar. Bulletin of the Rapid Assessment Program 31: 1-124.

McVean A.R., Walker R.C.J., Fanning A. 2006. The traditional shark fisheries of southwest Madagascar: A study in the Toliara Region. Fisheries Research 82: 280-289.

Mead G.W. 1972. Bramidae. Dana Report 81: 1-166.

Menon A.G.K. 1977. A systematic monograph of the tongue soles of the genus Cynoglossus Hamilton-Buchanan (Pisces: Cynoglossidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 238: 1-129.

Mennesson M.I., Keith P. 2017. Evidence of two species currently under the name of Eleotris fusca (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Eleotridae) in the Indian Ocean. Cybium 41(2): 213-220.

Merrett N.R. 1973. A new shark of the genus Squalus (Squalidae: Squaloidea) from the equatorial western Indian Ocean; with notes on Squalus blainvillei. Journal of Zoology (London) 171(1): 93-110.

Mooi R.D. 1995. Revision, phylogeny, and discussion of biology and biogeography of the fish genus Plesiops (Perciformes: Plesiopidae). Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions 159: 1-107.

Møller P.R., Schwarzhans W. 2008. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-Pacific. Part IV. Dinematichthys and two new genera with descriptions of nine new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 24: 87-146.

Moreau J. 1979. Le lac Alaotra à Madagascar: cinquante ans d'aménagement des pêches. Cahiers de l'ORSTOM, Série Hydrobiologie 13: 171-179.

Moreau J. 1980. Le lac Ihotry, lac plat hypersalé (Madagascar). Revue d’Hydrobiologie Tropicale 15: 71-80.

Moreau J. 1987. Région 9: Madagascar. In: M. J. Burgis, J.J. Simoens (Eds.). African wetlands and shallow water bodies. Zones humides et lacs peu profonds d'Afrique. ORSTOM, Paris. pp: 469-485.

Moreau J., Moreau I. 1982. Étude du cycle annuel de la gamétogenèse chez Heterotis niloticus au lac Ivakoina (zone des Pangalanes) Madagascar. Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale 15(3): 271-280.

Motomura H. 2002. Revision of the Indo-Pacific threadfin genus Polydactylus (Perciformes, Polynemidae) with a key to the species. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series A (Zoology) 28(3): 171-194.

Motomura H. 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes 3: 1-117.

Motomura H., Béarez P., Causse R. 2011. Review of Indo-Pacific specimens of the subfamily Scorpaeninae (Scorpaenidae), deposited in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, with description of a new species of Neomerinthe. Cybium 35(1): 55-73.

Motomura H., Causse R., Struthers C.D. 2012. Phenacoscorpius longilineatus, a new species of deepwater scorpionfish from the southwestern Pacific Ocean and the first records of Phenacoscorpius adenensis from the Pacific Ocean (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae). Species Diversity 17(2): 151-160.

Motomura H., Iwatsuki Y. 2001a. A new genus, Leptomelanosoma, for the polynemid fish previously known as Polydactylus indicus (Shaw, 1804) and a redescription of the species. Ichthyological Research 48(1): 13-21.

Motomura H., Iwatsuki Y. 2001b. Review of Polydactylus species (Perciformes: Polynemidae) characterized by a large black anterior lateral line spot, with descriptions of two new species. Ichthyological Research 48(4): 337-354.

Motomura H., Iwatsuki Y., Yoshino T. 2001. A new species, Polydactylus siamensis, from Thailand and redescription of P. plebeius (Broussonet, 1782) with designation of a neotype (Perciformes: Polynemidae). Ichthyological Research 48(2): 117-126.

Motomura H., Johnson J.W. 2006. Validity of the poorly known scorpionfish, Rhinopias eschmeyeri, with redescriptions of R. frondosa and R. aphanes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Copeia 2006(3): 500-515.

Motomura H., Sakurai Y., Senou H., Ho H.-C. 2009. Morphological comparisons of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish, Parascorpaena aurita with a closely related species, P. picta, with first records of P. aurata from East Asia (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Zootaxa 2191: 41-57.

Mouillot D., De Bortoli J., Leprieur F., Parravicini V., Kulbicki M., Bellwood D.R. 2013. The challenge of delineating biogeographical regions: nestedness matters for Indo-Pacific coral reef fishes. Journal of Biogeography 40: 2228-2237.

Mukhacheva V.A. 1974. Cyclothones (gen. Cyclothone, fam. Gonostomatidae) of the world ocean and their distribution. [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 96: 189-254.

Müller J., Henle F.G.J. 1838-1841. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Veit und Comp, Berlin. + 200 p. [pp. 1-28 published in 1838, reset pp. 27-28, 29-102 in 1839, i-xxii + 103-200 in 1841.]

Murdy E.O., Hoese D.F. 1985. Revision of the gobiid fish genus Istigobius. Indo-Pacific Fishes 4: 1-41.

Myers G.S. 1933. Pachypanchax, a new genus of cyprinodont fishes from the Seychelles Islands and Madagascar. American Museum Novitates 592: 1.

Myers R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. 3rd revised edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p.

Nafpaktitis B.G. 1978. Systematics and distribution of lanternfishes of the genera Lobianchia and Diaphus (Myctophidae) in the Indian Ocean. Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 30: 1-92.

Nakamura I. 1983. Systematics of the billfishes (Xiphiidae and Istiophoridae). Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 28(5/6): 255-396.

Nakamura I. 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (5): 1-65.

Nakamura I., Parin N.V. 1993. FAO species catalogue. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125 (15): 1-136.

Nakaya K., Sato K., Kawauchi J., Stewart A.L. 2015. Family Scyliorhinidae. In: C.D. Roberts, A.L. Stewart, C.D. Struthers (Eds.). Fishes of New Zealand. Volume Two. Wellington (Te Papa Press). pp: 75-89.

Nekrasov V.V. 1970. Mackerels (Carangidae family) of the eastern coasts of Africa. [In Russian.] Trudy Azovsko-Černomorskoj Naučno-Promyslovoj Ékspedicii 29: 89-138.

Nelson J.S. 2006. Fishes of the world. Fourth edition. J. Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey. 601 p.

Nelson J.S., Grande T.C., Wilson M.V.H. 2016. Fishes of the world. Fifth edition. J. Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey. 707 p.

Nemeth D. 1994. Systematics and distribution of fishes of the family Champsodontidae (Teleostei: Perciformes), with descriptions of three new species. Copeia 1994(2): 347-371.

Neumann W. 2015. Überlegungen zum Artenproblem bei Eierlegenden Zahnkarpfen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Vertreter der Gattung Pachypanchax von Madagaskar. DKG-Journal 47(1): 1-28.

Ng H.H., Sparks J.S. 2002. Plotosus fisadoha, a new species of marine catfish (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Plotosidae) from Madagascar. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 115(3): 564-569.

Ng H.H., Sparks J.S. 2003. The ariid catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Ariidae) of Madagascar, with the description of two new species. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan 735: 1-21.

Ng H.H., Sparks J.S. 2005. Revision of the endemic Malagasy catfish family Anchariidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 16(4): 303-323.

Ng H.H., Sparks J.S., Loiselle P.V. 2008. A new species of catfish of the genus Gogo from northeastern Madagascar (Siluriformes: Anchariidae). Copeia 2008(2): 395-400.

Nichols J.T., La Monte F.R. 1931. Rheocloides, a new atherinid fish from Madagascar. American Museum Novitates 508: 1-2.

Nielsen J.G. 1961. Heterosomata (Pisces). Galathea Report 4: 219-226.

Nielsen J.G. 1995. A review of the species of the genus Neobythites (Pisces: Ophidiidae) from the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of seven new species. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 62: 1-19.

Nielsen J.G. 2002. Revision of the Indo-Pacific species of Neobythites (Teleostei, Ophidiidae), with 15 new species. Galathea Report 19: 5-104.

Nielsen J.G. 2015. Revision of the aphyonid genus Aphyonus (Teleostei, Ophidiiformes) with a new genus and two new species. Zootaxa 4039(2): 323-344.

Nielsen J.G., Cohen D.M., Markle D.F., Robins C.R. 1999. FAO species catalogue. Volume 18. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiirorm fishes known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125: 1-178.

Nielsen J.G., Machida Y. 1988. Revision of the Indo-west Pacific bathyal fish genus Glyptophidium (Ophidiiformes, Ophidiidae). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 35(3): 289-319.

Nielsen J.G., Merrett N.R. 1992. Taxonomy and biology of Bathymicrops Hjort & Koefoed, 1912 (Pisces, Ipnopidae) with description of two new species. Steenstrupia 18(9): 149-167.

Nielsen J.G., Merrett N.R. 2000. Revision of the cosmopolitan deep-sea genus Bassozetus (Pisces: Ophidiidae) with two new species. Galathea Report 18: 7-56.

Nielsen J.G., Møller P.R. 2011. Revision of the bathyal cusk-eels of the genus Bassogigas (Ophidiidae) with description of a new species from off Guam, west Pacific Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology 78: 783-795.

Nielsen J.G., Schwarzhans W., Cohen D.M. 2012. Revision of Hastatobythites and Saccogaster (Teleostei, Bythitidae) with three new species and a new genus. Zootaxa 3579: 1-36.

Nielsen J.G., Smith D.G. 1978. The eel family Nemichthyidae (Pisces: Anguilliformes). Dana Report 88: 1-71, pls. 1-2.

Notarbartolo-di-Sciara G. 1987. A revisionary study of the genus Mobula Rafinesque, 1810 (Chondrichthyes: Mobulidae) with the description of a new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 91(1): 1-91.

Nunes-Ruivo L., Fourmanoir P. 1956. Copepodes parasites de poissons de Madagascar. I. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (A)10: 69-80.

Okamoto M., Motomura H. 2012. Epigonus exodon, a new species of deepwater cardinalfish (Teleostei: Perciformes: Epigonidae) from Réunion, western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3453: 84-88.

Okamoto M., Golani D. 2017. Three new species of the genus Acropoma (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from the Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Research 1-14.

Palsson W.A., Pietsch T.W. 1989. Revision of the acanthopterygian fish family Pegasidae (Order Gasterosteiformes). Indo-Pacific Fishes 18: 1-38.

Parenti P., Randall J.E. 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 68: 1-97.

Parin N.V. 1964. Taxonomic status, geographic variability, and distribution of the oceanic halfbeak Euleptorhamphus viridis (van Hasselt) (Pisces, Hemirhamphidae). [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 73: 185-203.

Parin N.V. 1967. Review of marine belonids of the western Pacific and Indian oceans. [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 84: 3-83.

Parin N.V. 1996. On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the west-central part of tropical Pacific. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 36(3): 300-307. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 36(5): 357-364.]

Parin N.V., Abramov A.A. 1986. Materials for a revision of the genus Epigonus Rafinesque (Perciformes, Epigonidae): species from the submarine ridges of the southern East Pacific and preliminary review of the "Epigonus robustus species-group." [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 121: 173-194.

Parin N.V., Becker V.E. 1972. Materials on taxonomy and distribution of some trichiuroid fishes (Pisces, Trichiuroidae: Scombrolabracidae, Gempylidae, Trichiuridae). [In Russian, with English abstract.] In: Ichthyoplankton and the deep-sea fishes of the world ocean. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 93: 110-204.

Parin N.V., Belyanina T.N. 1998. Age and geographic variability and distribution of the flying fish Cheilopogon furcatus (Exocoetidae, Beloniformes), with a description of two new subspecies. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 38(5): 581-597. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 38(8): 557-573.]

Parin N.V., Belyanina T.N. 2007. On the distribution of Glossanodon mildredae (Argentinidae) in the Indian Ocean. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 47(3): 425-426. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 47(5): 408-409.]

Parin N.V., Borodulina O.D. 1986. Preliminary review of the bathypelagic fish genus Antigonia Lowe (Zeiformes, Caproidae). [In Russian, English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 121: 141-172.

Parin N.V., Borodulina O.D. 1990. Survey of the genus Polymetme (Photichthyidae) with a description of two new species. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 30(5): 733-743. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 30(6): 108-121.]

Parin N.V., Borodulina O.D. 1996. Revision of the Astronesthes indicus species group (Astronesthidae), with descriptions of five new species. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 36(5): 581-596. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 36(8): 551-565.]

Parin N.V., Borodulina O.D. 1997. Review of the "Astronesthes cyaneus species group" (Astronesthidae), with description of two new species. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 37(6): 772-784. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 37(9): 737-748.]

Parin N.V., Borodulina O.D. 2002. Preliminary review of species group Astronesthes niger (Astronesthidae, Stomiiformes) with description of six new species from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 42(4): 437-458. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 42(7): 495-515.]

Parin N.V., Borodulina O.D. 2005. Antigonia (Caproidae) from the western Indian Ocean: 1. Species with nine spiny rays in the dorsal fin. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 45(4): 448-459. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 45(6): 417-428.]

Parin N.V., Collette B.B., Shcherbachev Yu.N. 1980. Preliminary review of the marine halfbeaks (Hemiramphidae, Beloniformes) of the tropical Indo-West-Pacific. [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 97: 7-173.

Parin N.V., Novikova N.S. 1974. Taxonomy of viperfishes (Chauliodontidae, Osteichthyes) and their distribution in the world ocean. [In Russian, English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 96: 255-315.

Parin N.V., Piotrovsky A.S. 2004. Stromateoid fishes (suborder Stromateoidei) of the Indian Ocean (species composition, distribution, biology, and fisheries). Journal of Ichthyology 44(Supplement 1): S33-S62.

Parmentier E., Bailly N. 2002. New record of Carapus dubius (Carapidae) off Madagascar? Cybium 26(1): 79-80.

Paulin C.D. 1989. Review of the morid genera Gadella, Physiculus, and Salilota (Teleostei: Gadiformes) with descriptions of seven new species. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 16: 93-133.

Pegg J., Steer M., Belle E.M.S. 2012. A survey of cardinalfish (Apogonidae) of Antsiranana Bay. Madagascar Conservation & Development 7(3): 120-135.

Pellegrin J. 1907. Liste des poissons recueillis à Madagascar par M. F. Geay. Description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) 13(3): 201-206.

Pellegrin J. 1908. Les poissons de'eau douce de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société Nationale d'Acclimatation de France 58: 48-62.

Pellegrin J. 1914a. Sur une dernière collection de poissons recueillie à Madagascar par feu F. Geay. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) 20: 111-113.

Pellegrin J. 1914b. Sur une Athérine nouvelle des eaux douces de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 39: 46-47.

Pellegrin J. 1914c. Sur un Athérinidé nouveau de Madagascar appartenant au genre Bedotia. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 39: 178-180.

Pellegrin J. 1914d. Sur une collection de poissons de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 39: 221-234.

Pellegrin J. 1914e. Sur un Sparidé nouveau de Madagascar appartenant au genre Pachymetopon. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 39: 264-266.

Pellegrin J. 1919a. Sur les Eleotris des eaux douces de Madagascar. Description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 44: 266-271.

Pellegrin J. 1919b. Sur les Eleotris des eaux douces de Madagascar. Description d'une espèce nouvelle. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences 169: 99-101.

Pellegrin J. 1929a. Cichlidés de Madagascar recueillis par M. Georges Petit. Description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 54: 252-255.

Pellegrin J. 1929b. Les cichlidés de Madagascar. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences 188: 939-941.

Pellegrin J. 1932a. Athérinidé nouveau de Madagascar appartenant au genre Bedotia. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 57: 84-86.

Pellegrin J. 1932b. Poissons de Madagascar recueillis par M. Waterlot. Description d'une variété nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 57: 225-228.

Pellegrin J. 1932c. Poissons de Madagascar recueillis par M. Decary. Description d'une variété nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 57: 291-297.

Pellegrin J. 1932d. Poissons nouveaux de Madagascar recueillis par M. Catala. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 57: 424-426.

Pellegrin J. 1933. Les poissons des eaux douces de Madagascar et des îles voisines (Comoros, Seychelles, Mascareignes). G. Pitot, Tananarive. 223 p.

Pellegrin J. 1935. Poissons de Madagascar recueillis par M. Catala description d'un Sicydium nouveau. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 60: 69-73.

Pertzeva-Ostroumova T.A. 1974. New data on lanternfish-larvae (Myctophidae, Pisces) with oval eyes from the Indian and Pacific oceans. [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 96: 77-142.

Peters W.C.H. 1881. Über vier neue Fische. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1881: 17-19.

Petit G. 1931. Une espèce nouvelle du genre Foa présentant un cas d'incubation bucco-branchiale. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 3(1): 91-95.

Petit G. 1933. Un poisson cavernicole aveugle des eaux douces de Madagascar: Typhleotris madagascariensis gen. et sp. nov. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences 197(4): 347-348.

Petit G. 1934. Un Fierasfer nouveau de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 6(4): 393-397.

Petit G. 1936. Un Gobius nouveau de Madagascar. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 8(5): 388-393.

Petit G. 1937. Une collection de poissons d'eau douce de Madagascar. - Étude critique. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 62: 25-38.

Petit G. 1938. Sur Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) 10(5): 491-495.

Pezold F.L., Larson H.K. 2015. A revision of the fish genus Oxyurichthys (Gobioidei: Gobiidae) with descriptions of four new species. Zootaxa 3988(1): 1-95.

Pietsch T.W. 2009. Oceanic anglerfishes. Extraordinary diversity in the Deep Sea. University of California Press, Berkeley. 557 p.

Pietsch T.W., Grobecker D.B. 1987. Frogfishes of the world: Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford. 420 p.

Pietsch T.W., Ho H.-C., Chen H.-M. 2004. Revision of the deep-sea anglerfish genus Bufoceratias Whitley (Lophiiformes: Ceratioidei: Diceratiidae), with description of a new species from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Copeia 2004(1): 98-107.

Pinault M., Fricke R, Wickel J., Péneau C., Quod J.-P. 2015. First record of the chocolate shrimp-goby (Gobiidae: Cryptocentrus malindiensis) from Réunion Island with a brief description of its natural habitat. Cybium 39(3): 237-239.

Pinault M., Wickel J., Guyomard D., Fricke R., Quod J.-P. 2015. Premier signalement de Pseudanthias bicolor (Serranidae) sur différents habitats artificiels à La Réunion. Cybium 38(4)(for 2014): 255-259.

Playfair R.L. 1868. On a collection of fishes from Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868(1): 9-12.

Pogoreutz C., Vitecek S., Ahnelt H. 2013. A new species of Satyrichthys (Teleostei: Peristediidae) from the Maldives Archipelago (Indian Ocean). Zootaxa 3694(2): 153-160.

Polunin N.V.C., Lubbock R. 1977. Prawn-associated gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the Seychelles, western Indian Ocean: systematics and ecology. Journal of Zoology, London 183: 63-101.

Polunin N.V.C., Lubbock R. 1979. Five new prawn-associated gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the genus Amblyeleotris. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 36(4): 239-249.

Prokofiev A.M., Schwarzhans W. 2015. Range extension and re-description of Synagrops argyreus (Perciformes, Acropomatidae). Cybium 39(2): 83-90.

Quéro J.-C., Desoutter M. 1990. Soleidae de Madagascar. Cybium 14(2): 105-112.

Quéro J.-C., Hensley D.A., Maugé A.L. 1988. Pleuronectidae de l'île de la Réunion et de Madagascar. I. Poecilopsetta. Cybium 12(4): 321-330.

Quéro J.-C., Hensley D.A., Maugé A.L. 1989. Pleuronectidae de l'île de la Réunion et de Madagascar. II. Genres Samaris et Samariscus. Cybium 13(2): 105-114.

Quéro J.-C., Maugé A.L. 1989a. Cynoglossidae de l'île de la Réunion et de Madagascar. Cybium 13(4): 391-394.

Quéro J.-C., Maugé A.L. 1989b. Psettodidae, Citharidae et Paralichthyidae de Madagascar. Cybium 13(4): 389-390.

Quéro J.-C., Spitz J. 2012. Premier signalement d'Aulotrachichthys sajademalensis (Kotylar, 1979) à l'île de la Réunion (océan Indien). Cybium 36(4): 589-590.

Quéro J.-C., Spitz J., Vayne J.-J. 2009a. Symphysanodon pitondelafournaisei: une nouvelle espèce de Symphysanodontidae (Perciformes) de l'île de La Réunion (France, océan Indien). Cybium 33(1): 73-77.

Quéro J.-C., Spitz J., Vayne J.-J. 2009b. Argyripnus hulleyi: une nouvelle espèce de Sternoptychidae (Stomiiformes) de l'île de la Réunion (France, océan Indien). Cybium 33(1): 39-43.

Quéro J.-C., Spitz J., Vayne J.-J. 2010. Chromis durvillei: une nouvelle espèce de Pomacentridae de l'île de la Réunion (France, océan Indien) et premier signalement pour l'île de Chromis axillaris. Cybium 33(4)(for 2009): 321-326.

Quéro J.-C., Spitz J., Vayne J.-J. 2011. Une éruption volcanique débusque Neocentropogon profundus (Tetrarogidae, Scorpaenoidei) à l'île de la Réunion (océan Indien). Cybium 35(2): 99-103.

Quoy J.R.C., Gaimard J.P. 1824-1825. Description des Poissons. Chapter IX. In: L. de Freycinet: Voyage autour du Monde…exécuté sur les corvettes de L.M. "L'Uranie" et "La Physicienne," pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820. Pillet Ainé, Paris. pp: 192-401.

Ramahatratra F. 2014. Étude de la capacité de resilience du Grand Récif de Toliara et de sa gestion durable (facteur: poissons herbivores). PhD Dissertation, Institut Halieutique et des Sciences Marines, Université de Toliara. 128 p.

Randall H.A., Allen G.R. 1977. A revision of the damselfish genus Dascyllus (Pomacentridae) with the description of a new species. Records of the Australian Museum 31(9): 349-385.

Randall J.E. 1963. Review of the hawkfishes (family Cirrhitidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 114(3472): 389-451.

Randall J.E. 1978. A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bulletin of Marine Science 28(4): 742-770.

Randall J.E. 1980. Revision of the fish genus Plectranthias (Serranidae: Anthiinae) with descriptions of 13 new species. Micronesica 16(1): 101-187.

Randall J.E. 1981a. Two new species and six new records of labrid fishes from the Red Sea. Senckenbergiana Maritima 13(1/3): 79-109.

Randall J.E. 1982. Examples of antitropical and antiequatorial distribution of Indo-West-Pacific fishes. Pacific Science 35(3)(for 1981): 197-209.

Randall J.E. 1983. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Wetmorella. Copeia 1983(4): 875-883.

Randall J.E. 1985. On the validity of the tetraodontid fish Arothron manilensis (Procé). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 32(3): 347-354.

Randall J.E. 1987. A preliminary synopsis of the groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae) of the Indo-Pacific region. In: J.J. Polovina, S. Ralston (Eds.). Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Boulder, London (Westview Press). pp: 89-188.

Randall J.E. 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. Crowford, Bathurst, NSW, Australia. 439 p.

Randall J.E. 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 27: 1-105.

Randall J.E. 1999a. Revision of Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 29: 1-74.

Randall J.E. 1999b. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Pseudochelinus, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 28: 1-34.

Randall J.E. 1999c. Paracheilinus attenuatus, a new labrid fish from the western Indian Ocean, with a redescription of P. piscilineatus. Journal of South Asian Natural History 4(1): 29-38.

Randall J.E. 2000. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Stethojulis, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 31: 1-42.

Randall J.E. 2001. Five new Indo-Pacific gobiid fishes of the genus Coryphopterus. Zoological Studies 40: 206-225.

Randall, J.E. 2002. Surgeonfishes of the world. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu. 123 p.

Randall J.E. 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 36: 1-64.

Randall J.E. 2007. Iniistius griffithsi, a new razorfish (Perciformes: Labridae) from Mauritius. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 7: 9-13.

Randall J.E. 2008. Six new sandperches of the genus Parapercis from the western Pacific, with description of a neotype for P. maculata (Bloch & Schneider). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 19: 159-178.

Randall J.E. 2011a. Review of the circumtropical monacanthid fish genus Cantherhines, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 40: 1-30.

Randall J.E. 2011b. Two new serranid fishes of the genus Pseudanthias from the western Indian Ocean. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 13: 79-87.

Randall J.E. 2013a. Seven new species of labrid fishes (Coris, Iniistius, Macropharyngodon, Novaculops, and Pteragogus) from the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 7: 1-43.

Randall J.E. 2013b. Review of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Hemigymnus. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 6: 2-18.

Randall J.E. 2014. The goatfishes Parupeneus cyclostomus, P. macronemus and freeloaders. Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 20(2): 61-66.

Randall J.E., Allen G.R. 2005. Neopomacentrus sororius, a new species of damselfish from the Indian Ocean, with description of a neotype for its sister species, N. azysron (Bleeker). Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 10(2): 73-80.

Randall J.E., Anderson R.C. 1993. Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldive Islands. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 59: 1-47.

Randall J.E., Baldwin C.C. 1997. Revision of the serranid fishes of the subtribe Pseudogrammina, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 26: 1-56.

Randall J.E., Bineesh K.K. 2014. Review of the fishes of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) of India, with description of a new species and a neotype for P. mangula Cuvier. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 10: 20-40.

Randall J.E., Bogorodsky S.V. 2016. Preliminary review of the pempherid fish genus Parapriacanthus of the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of five new species. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 20: 1-24.

Randall J.E., Bogorodsky S.V., Alpermann T.J., Satapoomin U., Mooi R.D., Mal A.O. 2014. Pempheris flavicycla, a new pempherid fish from the Indian Ocean, previously identified as P. vanicolensis Cuvier. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 9(for 2013): 1-23.

Randall J.E., Bogorodsky S.V., Mal A.O. 2013. Four new soles (Pleuronectiformes: Soleidae) of the genus Aseraggodes from the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 8: 1-17.

Randall J.E., Clements K.D. 2001. Second revision of the surgeonfish genus Ctenochaetus (Perciformes: Acanthuridae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 32: 1-33.

Randall J.E., Connell A.D., Victor B.C. 2015. Review of the labrid fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Pseudocoris with a description of two new species. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 16: 1-55.

Randall J.E., Earle J.L. 2008. Two new Indo-Pacific sand lances of the genus Ammodytoides (Perciformes: Ammodytidae). Pacific Science 62: 603-612.

Randall J.E., Egmont J. van 1994. Marine fishes from the Seychelles: 108 new records. Zoologische Verhandelingen 297: 43-83.

Randall J.E., Eschmeyer W.N. 2001. Revision of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish genus Scorpaenopsis, with descriptions of eight new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 34(for 2000): 1-79.

Randall J.E., Fraser T.H., Lachner E.A. 1990. On the validity of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfishes Apogon aureus (Lacepède) and A. fleurieu (Lacepède), with description of a related new species from the Red Sea. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103(1): 39-62.

Randall J.E., Gon O. 2006. Review of the soles of the genus Aseraggodes of the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of three new species. Israel Journal of Zoology 51: 165-190.

Randall J.E., Goren M. 1993. A review of the gobioid fishes of the Maldives. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 58: 1-37.

Randall J.E., Greenfield D.W. 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 25: 1-61.

Randall J.E., Greenfield D.W. 2001. A preliminary review of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fishes of the genus Gnatholepis. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 69: 1-17.

Randall J.E., Guézé P. 1981. The holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis of the Red Sea, with clarification of the murdjan and hexagonus complexes. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 334: 1-16.

Randall J.E., Harmelin-Vivien M.L. 1977. A review of the labrid fishes of the genus Paracheilinus with description of two new species from the western Indian Ocean. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 3: Zoologie) (436) Zoologie (306): 329-342.

Randall J.E., Heemstra P.C. 1985. A review of the squirrelfishes of the subfamily Holocentrinae from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 49: 1-27, pls. 1-2.

Randall J.E., Heemstra E. 2009. Three new goatfishes of the genus Parupeneus from the western Indian Ocean, with resurrection of P. seychellensis. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 10: 37-50.

Randall J.E., Heemstra P.C. 1985. A review of the squirrelfishes of the subfamily Holocentrinae from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 49: 1-27.

Randall J.E., Heemstra P.C. 2006. Review of the Indo-Pacific fishes of the genus Odontanthias (Serranidae: Anthiinae), with descriptions of two new species and a related genus. Indo-Pacific Fishes 38: 1-32.

Randall J.E., Hoese D.F. 1985. Revision of the Indo-Pacific dartfishes, genus Ptereleotris (Perciformes: Gobioidei). Indo-Pacific Fishes 7: 1-36.

Randall J.E., Hoese D.F. 1986. Revision of the groupers of the Indo-Pacific genus Plectropomus (Perciformes: Serranidae). Indo-Pacific Fishes 13: 1-31.

Randall J.E., Johnson J.W. 2007. Revision of the soleid fish genus Pardachirus. Indo-Pacific Fishes 39: 1-22.

Randall J.E., King D.R. 2009. Parupeneus fraserorum, a new species of goatfish (Perciformes: Mullidae) from South Africa and Madagascar. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 10: 31-35.

Randall J.E., Lourie S.A. 2009. Hippocampus tyro, a new seahorse (Gasterosteiformes: Syngnathidae) from the Seychelles. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 10: 19-21.

Randall J.E., Lubbock R. 1981. Labrid fishes of the genus Paracheilinus, with descriptions of three new species from the Philippines. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 28(1): 19-30.

Randall J.E., Randall H.A. 1981. A revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudojuloides, with descriptions of five new species. Pacific Science 35(1): 51-74.

Randall J.E., Randall, H.A. 2001. Review of the fishes of the genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific. Pacific Science 55(3): 227-256.

Randall J.E., Schultz J.K. 2008. Cirrhitops mascarenensis, a new species of hawkfish from, the Mascarene Islands, southwestern Indian Ocean. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 9: 15-20.

Randall J.E., Shen S.-C. 1978. A review of the labrid fishes of the genus Cirrhilabrus from Taiwan, with description of a new species. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica (Taipei) 17(1): 13-24.

Randall J.E., Smith D.G. 2001. Thalassoma mascarenum Fricke, 1999 (Perciformes: Labridae), a synonym of T. genivittatum (Valenciennes, 1839). Journal of South Asian Natural History 5: 117-120.

Randall J.E., Smith M.M. 1982. A review of the labrid fishes of the genus Halichoeres of the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of six new species. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 45: 1-26.

Randall J.E., Stroud G.J. 1985. On the validity of the mugiloidid fish Parapercis robinsoni Fowler. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 32(1): 93-99.

Randall J.E., Taylor Jr., L.R. 1988. Review of the Indo-Pacific fishes of the serranid genus Liopropoma, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 16: 1-47.

Randall J.E., Victor B.C. 2013. Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839), a valid species of labrid fish from the southwest Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 8: 44-61.

Randall J.E., Victor B.C. 2014. Four new fishes of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) from the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 12: 61-83.

Randall J.E., Victor B.C. 2015. Descriptions of thirty-four new species of the fish genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae), with a key to the species of the western Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 18: 1-77.

Randall J.E., Victor B.C., Alpermann T.J., Bogorodsky S.V., Mal A.O., Satapoomin U., Bineesh K.K. 2014. Rebuttal to Koeda, Yoshino, Imai & Tachihara (2014) on the Red Sea fishes of the perciform genus Pempheris. Zootaxa 3887(3): 377-392.

Randall J.E., Walsh F. 2008. A pictorial review of the Indo-Pacific labrid genus Pseudocoris, with description of a new species from the Coral Sea. Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 14(2): 45-58.

Randall J.E., Williams, J.T. & Rocha, L.A. 2008. The Indo-Pacific tetraodontid fish Canthigaster coronata, a complex of three species. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 9: 3-13.

Rasoloariniaina J.R., Ganzhorn J.U., Riemann J.C., Raminosoa N. 2016. Water quality and biotic interaction of two cavefish species: Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit, 1933 and Typhleotris mararybe Sparks & Chakrabarty, 2012, in the Mahafaly Plateau groundwater system, Madagascar. Subterranean Biology 18: 1-16.

Regan C.T. 1903. Descriptions de poissons nouveaux faisant partie de la collection du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 11(2): 413-418.

Regan C.T. 1913. A revision of the fishes of the genus Kuhlia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913(3): 374-381.

Regan C.T. 1920. Freshwater fishes from Madagascar. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) 5(29)(56): 419-424.

Reinthal P.N., Stiassny M.L.J. 1997. Revision of the Madagascan genus Ptychochromoides (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with description of a new species. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 7(4): 353-368.

Rennis D.S., Hoese D.F. 1985. A review of the genus Parioglossus, with descriptions of six new species (Pisces, Gobioidei). Records of the Australian Museum 36(4): 169-201.

Rham P.H. de 1996. Poissons des eaux intérieures de Madagascar. In: W.R. Lourenço (Ed.). Biogéographie de Madagascar, Actes du Colloque International Biogéographie de Madagascar, 26-28 septembre 1995, Paris. ORSTOM, Paris. pp: 423-440.

Richards W.J. 1992. Comments on the genus Lepidotrigla (Pisces: Triglidae) with descriptions of two new species from the Indian and Pacific oceans. Bulletin of Marine Science 51(1): 45-65.

Richards W.J., Yato T. 2014. Revision of the subgenus Parapterygotrigla (Pisces, Triglidae, Pterygotrigla). Zootaxa 3768(1): 23-42.

Richardson J. 1844-1848. Ichthyology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus & Terror, ... In: Richardson, J. & Gray, J.E. (eds.). The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. "Erebus & Terror," under the command of Captain Sir J.C. Ross ... during ... 1839-43. Volume 2 (2). London. 139 p. [Publication dates: 1844: pp. 1-16; 1845: pp. 17-52; 1846: pp. 53-74; 1848: pp. i-viii + 75-139.]

Robinson L., Sauer W.H.H. 2013. A first description of the artisanal shark fishery in northern Madagascar: implications for management. African Journal of Marine Science 35(1): 9-15.

Rosen D.E. 1965. Oryzias madagascariensis Arnoult redescribed and assigned to the East African fish genus Pantanodon (Atheriniformes, Cyprinodontoidei). American Museum Novitates 2240: 1-10.

Russell B.C. 1986. Review of the western Indian Ocean species of Nemipterus Swainson 1839, with description of a new species. Senckenbergiana Biologica 67(1/3): 19-35.

Russell B.C. 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalog of Nemipterid species known to date. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125: 1-149.

Russell B.C., Golani D., Tikochinski Y. 2015. Saurida lessepsianus a new species of lizardfish (Pisces: Synodontidae) from the Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea, with a key to Saurida species in the Red Sea. Zootaxa 3956(4): 559-568.

Sakai K., Nakabo T. 2004. Two new species of Kyphosus (Kyphosidae) and a taxonomic review of Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède from the Indo-Pacific. Ichthyological Research 51(1): 20-32.

Sakai K., Nakabo T. 2006. Taxonomic reviews of two Indo-Pacific sea chubs, Kyphosus cinerascens (Forsskål, 1775) and Kyphosus sydneyanus (Günther, 1886). Ichthyological Research 53(4): 337-356.

Sardou J. 1973. Note préliminaire sur les Engraulidae de la région Baie d'Ambaro-Nosy Bé (nord-ouest de Madagascar). Contribution à l'étude d'une baie eutrophique tropicale. Cahiers de l'ORSTOM, Série Océanogaphie 11(3): 367-371.

Sardou J. 1974. Contribution à la connaissance de la faune ichthyologique malgache: Découverte de poissons de la famille des Schindleriidae dans le canal de Mozambique, à Nosy Bé et étude d'une collection de Schindleria. Cahiers de l'ORSTOM, Série Océanogaphie 12(1): 3-15.

Sasaki K. 1997. Resurrection of two East African species of Johnius (Perciformes, Sciaenidae). Ichthyological Research 44(3): 311-315.

Sasaki D., Kimura S. 2014. Taxonomic review of the genus Hypoatherina Schultz 1948 (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae). Ichthyological Research 61(3): 207-241 [1-35]. [First published online; volume and page numbers supplied later. Erratum published in Ichthyological Research 61(3), 2014:242.]

Sauvage H.-E. 1873. Notice sur quelques poissons d'espèces nouvelles ou peu connues provenant des mers de l'Inde et de la Chine. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 9(2): 49-62.

Sauvage H.-E. 1880. Description de quelques Blennioïdes de la collection du Muséum d'histoire naturelle. Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7e Série) 4: 215-220. [Also appeared as a separate, pp. 5-10, combined with other references.]

Sauvage H.-E. 1882. Description de quelques poissons de la collection du Muséum d'histoire naturelle. Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7e Série) 6: 168-176.

Sauvage H.-E. 1887. Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar. Volume XVI. Histoire naturelle des poissons. 2e partie. Paris (Imprimerie nationale): pls. 1-50, 25A.

Sauvage H.-E. 1891a. Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar. Volume XVI. Histoire naturelle des poissons. 2e partie, atlas. Imprimerie nationale, Paris. 543 p.

Sauvage H.-E. 1891b. Les chromidés des eaux douces de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Societé Zoologique de France 16: 190-197.

Sazonov Yu.I. 1976. Materials on the systematics and distribution of fishes of the family Searsiidae (Salmoniformos [sic], Alepocephalidae). [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 104: 26-72.

Sazonov Yu.I. 1995. Three rare species of slickheads (Alepocephalidae), found for the first time in the Indian Ocean, with remarks about the status of Microphotolepis schmidti. Voprosy Ikhtiologi 35(3): 275-281. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 35(6): 130-139].

Sazonov Yu.I. 1998. A brief review of the genus Narcetes (Alepocephalidae) with a description of the genus type N. erimelas. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 38(4): 448-457. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 38(7): 491-500.]

Sazonov Yu.I., Shcherbachev Yu.N. 2000. A review of the Indian Ocean species from the genus Gadella (Gadiformes, Moridae), with a description of two new species. Journal of Ichthyology 40, supplement 1: S64-S73.

Schwarzhans W. 2013. A comparative morphological study of recent otoliths of the genera Diaphus, Idiolychnus and Lobianchia (Myctophidae). Palaeo Ichthyologica 13: 41-82.

Schwarzhans W., Møller P.R. 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species.The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23: 29-110.

Schwarzhans W., Møller P.R. 2011. New Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) from the Indo-West Pacific, with the description of a new genus and five new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 27: 161-177.

Schwarzhans W., Møller P.R., Nielsen J.G. 2005. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-West Pacific. Part I. Diancistrus and two new genera with 26 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 21: 73-163.

Schwarzhans W., Prokofiev A.M. 2017. Reappraisal of Synagrops Günther, 1887 with rehabilitation and revision of Parascombrops Alcock, 1889 including description of seven new species and two new genera (Perciformes: Acropomatidae). Zootaxa 4260(1): 1-74.

Séret B. 1986a. Deep water skates from Madagascar (Chondrichthys, Rajoidei). In: T. Uyeno, R. Arai, T. Taniuchi, K. Matsuura (Eds.). Indo-Pacific fish biology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Indo-Pacific Fishes. Ichthyological Society of Japan, Tokyo. pp: 256-260.

Séret B. 1986b. Deep water skates of Madagascar. Part I. Anacanthobatidae (Pisces, Chondrichthys, Batoidea), second record of the skate Anacanthobatis ori (Wallace, 1967) from off Madagascar. Cybium 10(4): 307-326.

Séret B. 1987. Halaelurus clevai, sp. n., a new species of catshark (Scylliorhinidae) from off Madagascar, with remarks on the taxonomic status of the genera Halaelurus Gill and Galeus Rafinesque. The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication 44: 1-27.

Séret B. 1989a. Deep water skates of Madagascar. Part 2. Rajidae. Gurgesiella (Fenestraja) maceachrani sp. n. Cybium 13(1): 55-64.

Séret B. 1989b. Deep water skates of Madagascar. Part 3. Rajidae (Pisces, Chondrichthyes, Batoidea). Raja (Dipturus) crosnieri sp. n. Cybium 13(2): 115-130.

Shakhovskoy I.B. 2011. The first finding of the flying fish Exocoetus gibbosus (Beloniformes, Exocoetidae) in the Indian Ocean. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 51(5): 700-702. [In Russian. English translation appeared in Journal of Ichthyology 51(8): 675-677.]

Shaw G. 1804. General zoology or systematic natural history... Volume 5. Pisces. G. Kearsley, London. (Pt 1) pp. i-v + 1-25, pls. 93-132, 43+, 65+, 6+, 74+; (pt 2): pp. i-vi + 251-463, pls. 132-182, 158+.

Shcherbachev Yu.N. 1981. Preliminary review of the Indian Ocean species of the Chlorophthalmidae (Myctophiformes, Osteichthyes). [In Russian, English abstract.] In: N.V. Parin (Ed). Fishes of the open ocean. P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Academy of Sciences USSR, Moskwa. pp: 47-67.

Shcherbachev Yu.N. 1993. Preliminary review of the genus Physiculus (Moridae, Gadiformes) in the Indian Ocean and adjacent waters of the South Atlantic. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 128: 147-178.

Shcherbachev Yu.N., Novikova N.S. 1976. Materials on distribution and taxonomy of the mesopelagic fishes of the family Stomiatidae (Osteichthyes). [In Russian, with English summary.] Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova 104: 92-112.

Smith M.M., Heemstra P.C. 1986. Smiths' Sea Fishes. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg. 1047 p.

Smith J.L.B. 1935. The "Galjoen" fishes of South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 23(3): 265-276.

Smith J.L.B. 1938. The South African fishes of the families Sparidae and Denticidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 26(3): 225-305.

Smith J.L.B. 1941. The genus Gymnocranius Klunzinger, with notes on certain rare fishes from Portuguese East Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 28(5): 441-452.

Smith J.L.B. 1947. New species and new records of fishes from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) 13(108)(77): 793-821.

Smith J.L.B. 1949. The sea fishes of southern Africa. First edition. Central News Agency, Cape Town. 550 p.

Smith J.L.B. 1951. The fishes of the family Cirrhitidae of the western Indian Ocean. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) 4(43)(60): 625-652.

Smith J.L.B. 1953. Os peixes apanhados no canal de Mocambique pelo Sr. Mussolini P. Fajardo. Memorias do Museu Dr. Alvaro de Castro 2: 3-20.

Smith J.L.B. 1955a. The fishes of the family Anthiidae of the western Indian Ocean. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) 8(89)(42): 337-350.

Smith J.L.B. 1955b. The fishes of the family Carapidae in the western Indian Ocean. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) 8(90)(51): 401-416.

Smith J.L.B. 1955c. New species and new records of fishes from Moçambique. Part I. Memorias do Museu Dr. Alvaro de Castro 3: 3-27.

Smith J.L.B. 1955d. The fishes of the family Pomacanthidae in the western Indian Ocean. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) 8(89)(46): 377-384.

Smith J.L.B. 1956a. The parrot fishes of the family Callyodontidae of the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 1: 1-23.

Smith J.L.B. 1956b. An interesting new gobioid fish from Madagascar, with a note on Cryptocentrus oni Tomiyama, 1936. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) 9(104)(67): 553-556.

Smith J.L.B. 1956c. The fishes of the family Sphyraenidae in the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 3: 37-46.

Smith J.L.B. 1957a. The fishes of the family Scorpaenidae in the western Indian Ocean. Part I. The sub-family Scorpaeninae. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 4: 49-72.

Smith J.L.B. 1957b. List of the fishes of the family Labridae in the western Indian Ocean with new records and five new species. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 7: 99-114.

Smith J.L.B. 1958a. The fishes of the family Eleotridae in the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 11: 137-163.

Smith J.L.B. 1958b. Fishes of the families Tetrarogidae, Caracanthidae and Synanciidae, from the western Indian Ocean with further notes on scorpaenid fishes. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 12: 167-181.

Smith J.L.B. 1959a. Fishes of the families Blenniidae and Salariidae of the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 14: 229-252.

Smith J.L.B. 1959b. Gobioid fishes of the families Gobiidae, Periophthalmidae, Trypauchenidae, Taenioididae and Kraemeriidae of the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 13: 185-225.

Smith J.L.B. 1960a. Fishes of the family Gobiidae in South Africa. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 18: 299-314.

Smith J.L.B. 1960b. Coral fishes of the family Pomacentridae from the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 19: 317-349.

Smith J.L.B. 1961. Fishes of the family Apogonidae of the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 22: 373-418.

Smith J.L.B. 1962a. Fishes of the family Gaterinidae of the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea with a résumé of all known Indo-Pacific species. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 25: 469-502.

Smith J.L.B. 1962b. The moray eels of the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 23: 421-444.

Smith J.L.B. 1962c. Sand-dwelling eels of the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 24: 447-466.

Smith J.L.B. 1963. Fishes of the family Syngnathidae from the Red Sea and the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 27: 515-543.

Smith J.L.B. 1965a. Fishes of the family Atherinidae of the Red Sea and the western Indian Ocean with a new freshwater genus and species from Madagascar. Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University 31: 601-632.

Smith J.L.B. 1965b. The sea fishes of southern Africa. Fifth edition. Central News Agency, Cape Town. 580 p.

Smith J.L.B. 1966. An interesting new callionymid fish from Madagascar and the first record of a clingfish from there. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) 8(90)(for 1965): 321-324.

Smith J.L.B., Smith M.M. 1963. The fishes of Seychelles. Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p.

Smith M.M., Heemstra P.C. 1986. Smiths' Sea Fishes. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg. 1047 p.

Smith-Vaniz W.F. 1976. The saber-toothed blennies, tribe Nemophini (Pisces: Blenniidae). Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 19: 1-196.

Smith-Vaniz W.F. 1983. Opistognathus margaretae, a new species of jawfish (Perciformes: Opistognathidae) from the Indian Ocean, with notes on O. nigromarginatus Rüppell and O. muscatensis Boulenger. The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication 30: 1-10.

Smith-Vaniz W.F. 2010. New species of Indo-Pacific jawfishes (Opisthognathus: Opistognathidae) from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin 12: 39-54.

Smith-Vaniz W.F., Bauchot M.-L., Desoutter M. 1979. Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. (Suite) (Familles des Carangidae et des Nematistiidae). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales 1(2)(supplément): 1-66.

Smith-Vaniz W.F., Johnson G.D. 2016. Hidden diversity in deep-water bandfishes: review of Owstonia with descriptions of twenty-one new species (Teleostei: Cepolidae: Owstoniinae). Zootaxa 4187(1): 1-103.

Smith-Vaniz W.F., Staiger J.C. 1973. Comparative revision of Scomberoides, Oligoplites, Parona, and Hypacanthus with comments on the phylogenetic position of Campogramma (Pisces: Carangidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) 39(13): 185-256.

Spalding M., Ravilious C., Green E.P. 2001. World Atlas of Coral Reefs. Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press, Berkeley. 432 p.

Sparks J.S. 2001. Bedotia masoala: a new species of atherinoid rainbowfish (Teleostei: Bedotiidae) from the Masoala Peninsula (Saikanosin' Masoala), northeastern Madasgascar. Copeia 2001(2): 482-489.

Sparks J.S. 2002a. Paretroplus dambabe, a new cichlid fish (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from northwestern Madagascar, with a discussion on the status of P. petiti. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 115(3): 546-563.

Sparks J.S. 2002b. Ptychochromis inornatus: a new cichlid (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from northwestern Madagascar, with a discussion of intrageneric variation in Ptychochromis. Copeia 2002(1): 120-130.

Sparks J.S. 2004a. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Malagasy and South Asian cichlids (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 599-614.

Sparks J.S. 2004b. A new and presumably extinct species of Ptychochromoides (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from central Madagascar. Zootaxa 524: 1-15.

Sparks J.S. 2006. A new species of ponyfish (Teleostei: Leiognathidae: Photoplagios) from Madagascar, with a phylogeny for Photoplagios and comments on the status of Equula lineolata Valenciennes. American Museum Novitates 3526: 1-20.

Sparks J.S. 2008. Phylogeny of the cichlid subfamily Etroplinae and taxonomic revision of the Malagasy cichlid genus Paretroplus (Teleostei, Cichlidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 314: 1-151.

Sparks J.S., Baldwin Z.H. 2012. A new species of Parapercis (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae) from Madagascar. Zootaxa 3204: 31-39.

Sparks J.S., Chakrabarty, P. 2012. Revision of the endemic Malagasy cavefish genus Typhleotris (Teleostei: Gobiiformes: Milyeringidae), with discussion of its phylogenetic placement and description of a new species. American Museum Novitates 3764: 1-28.

Sparks J.S., Loiselle P.V., Baldwin Z.H. 2012. Rediscovery and phylogenetic placement of the endemic Malagasy cichlid Ptychochromoides itasy (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Ptychochrominae). Zootaxa 3352: 17-24.

Sparks J.S., Nelson D.W. 2004. Review of the Malagasy sicydiine gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae), with description of a new species and comments on the taxonomic status of Gobius lagocephalus Pallas, 1770. American Museum Novitates 3440: 1-20.

Sparks J.S., Reinthal P.N. 1999. Paretroplus maromandia, a new cichlid fish from the northwest of Madagascar. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan 727: 1-18.

Sparks J.S., Reinthal P.N. 2001. A new species of Ptychochromoides from southeastern Madagascar (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with comments on the monophyly and relationships of the ptychochromine cichlids. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12(2): 115-132.

Sparks J.S., Rush L.M.R. 2005. A new rainbowfish (Teleostei: Melanotaenioidei: Bedotiidae) from the southeastern highlands of Madagascar, with comments on the biogeography of Bedotia. Zootaxa 1051: 39-54.

Sparks J.S., Schelly R.C. 2011. A new species of Paretroplus (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Etroplinae) from northeastern Madagascar, with a phylogeny and revised diagnosis for the P. damii clade. Zootaxa 2768: 55-68.

Sparks J.S., Smith W.L. 2004a. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Malagasy and Australasian rainbowfishes (Teleostei: Melanotaenioidei): Gondwanan vicariance and evolution in freshwater. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 719-734.

Sparks J.S., Smith W.L. 2004b. Phylogeny and biogeography of cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae). Cladistics 20: 501-517.

Sparks J.S., Stiassny M.L.J. 2010. A new species of Ptychochromis from northeastern Madagascar (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with an updated phylogeny and revised diagnosis for the genus. Zootaxa 2341: 33-51.

Springer V.G. 1964. A revision of the carcharhinid shark genera Scoliodon, Loxodon, and Rhizoprionodon. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 115(3493): 559-632.

Springer V.G. 1967. Revision of the circumtropical shorefish genus Entomacrodus (Blenniidae: Salariinae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 122(3582): 1-150.

Springer V.G. 1972. Additions to revisions of the blenniid fish genera Ecsenius and Entomacrodus, with descriptions of three new species of Ecsenius. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 134: 1-13.

Springer V.G. 1981. Notes on blenniid fishes of the tribe Omobranchini, with descriptions of two new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94 (3): 699-707.

Springer V.G., Bath H., Randall J.E. 1998. Remarks on the species of the Indian Ocean fish genus Alloblennius Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971, (Blenniidae). Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 3(1): 19-24.

Springer V.G., Fricke R. 2000. Description of two new blenniid fish species: Entomacrodus lemuria from the western Indian Ocean and E. williamsi from the western Pacific Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 113: 386-396.

Springer V.G., Gomon M.F. 1975. Revision of the blenniid fish genus Omobranchus with descriptions of three new species and notes on other species of the tribe Omobranchini. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 177: 1-135.

Springer V.G., Williams J.T. 1994. The Indo-Pacific blenniid fish genus Istiblennius reappraised: a revision of Istiblennius, Blenniella, and Paralticus, new genus. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 565: 1-193.

Starck II W.A. 1969. Ecsenius (Anthiiblennius) midas a new subgenus and species of mimic blenny from the western Indian Ocean. Notulae Naturae 419: 1-9.

Stehmann M.F.W. 1976. Revision der Rajoiden-Arten des nördlichen Indischen Ozean und Indopazifik (Elasmobranchii, Batoidea, Rajiformes). Beaufortia 24(315): 133-175.

Stehmann M.F.W. 2005. Bathyraja tunae n. sp., a new deep-water skate from the western Indian Ocean (Chondrichthyes, Rajiformes, Rajidae). Journal of Ichthyology 45(Supplement 1): S23-S38.

Steindachner F. 1876. Ichthyologische Beiträge (V). Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 74(1): 49-240.

Steindachner F. 1880a. Beitäge zur Kenntniss der Flussfische Südamerikas (II) und Ichthyologische Beiträge (IX). Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 17(19): 157-159.

Steindachner F. 1880b. Ichthyologische Beiträge (IX). I. Über eine Sammlung von Flussfischen von Tohizona auf Madagascar. II. Über zwei neue Agonus-Arten aus Californien. III. Über einige Fischarten aus dem nördlichen Japan, gesammelt von Professor Dybowski. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 82(1,2): 238-266.

Steindachner F. 1887a. Ichthyologische Beiträge (XIV). Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 24(19): 230-231.

Steindachner F. 1887b. Ichthyologische Beiträge (XIV). Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 96(1): 56-68.

Steindachner F. 1891a. Über einige neue und seltene Fische von dem Canarischen Archipel, aus den Flüssen Südamerika's und von Madagascar unter dem Titel: `Ichthyologische Beiträge' (XV). Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 28(18): 171-174.

Steindachner F. 1891b. Ichthyologische Beiträge (XV). I. Über einige seltene und neue Fischarten aus dem canarischen Archipel. II. Über einige Characinen-Arten aus Südamerika. III. Pomacentrus grandidieri, n. sp. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 100(1)(5): 343-374.

Stewart A.L. 2015. Family Macroramphosidae. In: C.D. Roberts, A.L. Stewart, C.D. Struthers (Eds.). The Fishes of New Zealand. Volume Three. Te Papa Press, Wellington. pp: 1068-1072.

Stiassny M.L.J. 1990. Notes on the anatomy and relationships of the bedotiid fishes of Madagascar, with a taxonomic revision of the genus Rheocles. (Atherinomorpha, Bedotiidae). American Museum Novitates 2979: 1-33.

Stiassny M.L.J. 2002. Revision of Sauvagella Bertin (Clupeidae; Pellonulinae; Ehiravini) with a description of a new species from the freshwaters of Madagascar and diagnosis of the Ehiravini. Copeia 2002(1): 67-76.

Stiassny M.L.J., Chakrabarty P., Loiselle P.V. 2001. Relationships of the Madagascan cichlid genus Paretroplus, with description of a new species from the Betsiboka River drainage of northwestern Madagascar. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12(1): 29-40.

Stiassny M.L.J., Gerstner C.L. 1992. The parental care behaviour of Paratilapia polleni (Perciformes, Labroidei), a phylogenetically primitive cichlid from Madagascar, with a discussion of the evolution of maternal care in the family Cichlidae. Environmental Biology of Fishes 34: 219-233.

Stiassny M.L.J., Harrison I.J. 2000. Chapter 8. Notes on a small collection of fishes from the Parc National de Marojejy, northeastern Madagascar, with a description of a new species of the endemic genus Bedotia (Atherinomorpha: Bedotiidae). In: S.M. Goodman (Ed.). A floral and faunal inventoryof the Parc national de Marojejy, Madagascar: with reference to elevational variation. Fieldiana Zoology (New Series) 97: 143-156.

Stiassny M.L.J., Raminosa N. 1994. The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. In: G.G. Teugels et al. (Eds.). Biological diversity in African fresh- and brackish-water fishes. Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Série Sciences Zoologiques 275: 133-149.

Stiassny M.L.J., Reinthal P.N. 1992. Description of a new species of Rheocles (Atherinomorpha, Bedotiidae) from the Nosivolo tributary, Mangoro River, eastern Malagasy Republic. American Museum Novitates 3031: 1-8.

Stiassny M.L.J., Rodriguez D.M. 2001. Rheocles derhami, a new species of freshwater rainbowfish (Atherinomorpha: Bedotiidae) from the Ambomboa River in northeastern Madagascar. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12(2): 97-104.

Stiassny M.L.J., Rodriguez D.M., Loiselle P.V. 2002. Rheocles vatosoa, a new species of freshwater rainbowfish (Atherinomorpha: Bedotiidae) from the Lokoho river basin in northeastern Madagascar. Cybium 26(1): 71-77.

Stiassny M.L.J., Sparks J.S. 2006. Phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the endemic Malagasy genus Ptychochromis (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with the description of five new species and a diagnosis for Katria, new genus. American Museum Novitates 3535: 1-55.

Su J.-X., Tyler J.C. 1986. Diagnoses of Arothron nigropunctatus and A. meleagris, two extremely polychromatic Indo-Pacific pufferfishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 138: 14-32.

Sulak K.J. 1977. The systematics and biology of Bathypterois (Pisces, Chlorophthalmidae) with a revised classification of benthic myctophiform fishes. Galathea Report 14: 49-108.

Sulak K.J., Shcherbachev Yu.N. 1997. Zoogeography and systematics of six deep-living genera of synaphobranchid eels, with a key to taxa and description of two new species of Ilyophis. Bulletin of Marine Science 60(3): 1158-1194.

Sylva D.P. de., Eschmeyer W.N. 1977. Systematics and biology of the deep-sea fish family Gibberichthyidae, a senior synonym of the family Kasidoroidae. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) 41(6): 215-231.

Taniuchi T., Ishihara H., Tanaka S., Hyodo S. Murakami M., Séret B. 2003. Occurrence of two species of elasmobranchs, Carcharhinus leucas and Pristis microdon, in Betsiboka River, west Madagascar. Cybium 27(3): 237-241.

Thérézien Y. 1963. Régime alimentaire de plusieurs espèces de poissons des lacs Kinkony, Sahapy et autres étangs de la région nord-ouest de Madagascar. Bulletin Français de Pisciculture 36(211): 37-48.

Thérézien Y. 1976. Donnees sur Chanos chanos Forskål 1775 (famille des Chanidae) a Madagascar. Bulletin du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Scientifiques de Biarritz 11(1): 35-52.

Thomson J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the World. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562.

Tyler J.C. 1966. A new species of serranoid fish of the family Anthidae from the Indian Ocean. Notulae Naturae 389: 1-6.

Uiblein F. 2011. Taxonomic review of western Indian Ocean goatfishes of the genus Mulloidichthys (Family Mullidae), with description of a new species and remarks on colour and body form variation in Indo-West Pacific species. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 13: 51-73.

Uiblein F., Gouws G. 2014. A new goatfish species of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) based on molecular and morphological screening and subsequent taxonomic analysis. Marine Biology Research 10(7): 655-681.

Uiblein F., Gouws G. 2015. Distinction and relatedness - taxonomic and genetic studies reveal a new species group of goatfishes (Upeneus; Mullidae). Marine Biology Research 11(10): 1021-1042.

Uiblein F., Gouws G., Gledhill D.C., Stone K. 2016. Just off the beach: intrageneric distinctiveness of the bandtail goatfish Upeneus taeniopterus (Mullidae) based on a comprehensive alpha-taxonomy and barcoding approach. Marine Biology Research 2016: 1-20.

Uiblein F., Heemstra P.C. 2010. A taxonomic review of the western Indian Ocean goatfishes of the genus Upeneus (Family Mullidae), with descriptions of four new species. Smithiana Bulletin, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity 11: 35-71.

Uiblein F., Heemstra P.C. 2011a. Description of a new goatfish species, Upeneus randalli n. sp. (Mullidae), from the Persian Gulf, with remarks and identification keys for the genus Upeneus. Scientia Marina 75(3): 585-594.

Uiblein F., Heemstra P.C. 2011b. A new goatfish, Upeneus seychellensis sp. nov. (Mullidae), from the Seychelles Bank, with remarks on Upeneus guttatus and a key to western Indian Ocean Upeneus species. Marine Biology Research 7(7): 637-650.

Uiblein F., Lisher M. 2013. A new goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from Angoche, northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3717(1): 85-95.

Uiblein F., McGrouther M. 2012. A new deep-water goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from northern Australia and the Philippines, with a taxonomic account of U. subvittatus and remarks on U. mascareinsis. Zootaxa 3550: 61-70.

Vaillant L.L. 1894. Note sur les poissons de la famille des Siluridées appartement à la faune madécasse et description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8è Série) 6: 75-80.

Vari R.P. 1992. Redescription of Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot, 1866), an endemic Malagasy fish species (Pisces, Terapontidae). American Museum Novitates 3039: 1-7.

Viana S.T. de F.L., Lisher, M.W., Carvalho M.R. de 2017. Two new species of short-snouted dogfish sharks of the genus Squalus Linnaeus, 1758, from southern Africa (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Squalidae). Marine Biodiversity 2017: 1-28.

Victor B.C. 2016a. Halichoeres gurrobyi, a new labrid fish (Teleostei: Labridae) from Mauritius in the southeastern Indian Ocean, with a review of the H. zeylonicus species complex. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 22: 10-27.

Victor B.C. 2016b. Two new species in the spike-fin fairy-wrasse species complex (Teleostei: Labridae: Cirrhilabrus) from the Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 23: 21-50.

Vivien M.L. 1973. Note sur quelques poissons signalés pour la première fois à Tuléar (S W de Madagascar). Comptes Rendus des Séances, Société Biogéographique, Paris 49(425-433): 28-37.

Vivien M.L. 1974. Ichtyofaune des herbiers de phanérogames marines du Grand Récif de Tuléar (Malagasy). 1. Les peuplements et leur distribution écologique. Tethys 5(2-3)(for 1973): 425-436.

Voronina E.P., Prokofiev A.M., Prirodina V.P. 2016. Review of the flatfishes of Vietnam in the collection of Zoological Institute, Saint Petersburg. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 320(4): 381-430.

Wang R., Winterbottom R. 2006. Osteology and phylogeny of Parioglossus (Teleostei, Gobioidei), with a revised key to the species. Zootaxa 1131: 1-32.

Weigmann S., Ebert D.A., Clerkin P.J., Stehmann M.F.W., Naylor G.J.P. 2016a. Bythaelurus bachi n. sp., a new deep-water catshark (Carcharhiniformes, Scyliorhinidae) from the southwestern Indian Ocean, with a review of Bythaelurus species and a key to their identification. Zootaxa 4208(5): 401-432.

Weigmann S., Vaz D.F.B., White W.T., Carvalho M.R. de., Thiel R. 2016b. Distribution and comments on the morphology of Centroscymnus owstonii Garman, 1906 (Squaliformes: Somniosidae), with focus on its occurrence in the Indian Ocean. Marine Biodiversity 46: 641-653.

White W.T. 2012. A redescription of Carcharhinus dussumieri and C. sealei, with resurrection of C. coatesi and C. tjutjot as valid species (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae). Zootaxa 3241: 1-34.

White W.T., Weigmann S. 2014. Carcharhinus humani sp. nov., a new whaler shark (Carcharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae) from the western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3821(1): 71-87.

White W.T., Eber D.A., Naylor G.J.P. 2014. Revision of the genus Centrophorus (Squaliformes: Centrophoridae): Part 2 -- Description of two new species of Centrophorus and clarification of the status of Centrophorus lusitanicus Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864. Zootaxa 4344(1): 86-114.

Whitehead P.J.P. 1963. A revision of the recent round herrings (Pisces: Dussumieriidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 10(6): 305-380.

Whitehead P.J.P. 1968. Indian Ocean anchovies collected by the Anton Bruun and Te Vega, 1963-64. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 9(1): 13-37.

Whitehead P.J.P. 1985. FAO species catalogue. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). Part 1 - Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125(7, 1): 1-303.

Whitehead P.J.P., Bauchot M.-L. 1985. Catalogue critique des types de Poissons du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle. (Suite). Ordre des Clupeiformes (Familles des Clupeidae, Engraulididae et Denticipitidae). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales 7(4, supplément): 1-77.

Whitehead P.J.P., Nelson G.J., Wongratana T. 1988. FAO species catalogue. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 2. Engraulididae. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis 125(7, 2): 305-579.

Wickel J., Jamon A., Pinault M., Durville P., Chabanet P. 2014. Composition et structure des peuplements ichtyologiques marins de l’île de Mayotte (sud-ouest de l’océan Indien). Cybium 38(3): 179-203.

Wickel J., Pinault M., Fricke R. 2016. First record of a western Mascarene endemic, Halichoeres pelicieri (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Labridae), from Reunion Island. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 46(1): 33-35.

Williams F. 1958. Fishes of the family Carangidae in British East African waters. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) 1(6): 369-430.

Williams F. 1959. The barracudas (genus Sphyraena) in British East African waters. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) 2(14): 92-128.

Williams F. 1960. On Scomberomorus lineolatus (C.V.) 1831, from British East African waters (Pisces, Scombridae). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) 3(27): 183-192.

Williams F., Heemstra P.C., Shameem A. 1980. Notes on Indo-Pacific carangid fishes of the genus Carangoides Bleeker. II. The Carangoides armatus group. Bulletin of Marine Science 30(1): 13-20.

Williams J.T. 1988. Revision and phylogenetic relationships of the blenniid fish genus Cirripectes. Indo-Pacific Fishes 17: 1-78.

Williams J.T., Howe J.C. 2003. Seven new species of the triplefin fish genus Helcogramma (Tripterygiidae) from the Indo-Pacific. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 7(4): 151-176.

Winterbottom R. 1980. Two new species of the Congrogadidae (Pisces: Perciformes) from the Indo-West Pacific. Copeia 1980(3): 396-402.

Winterbottom R. 1985. Revision of the congrogadid Haliophis (Pisces: Perciformes), with the description of a new species from Indonesia, and comments on the endemic fish fauna of the northern Red Sea. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63(2): 209-217.

Winterbottom R. 1986. Revision and vicariance biogeography of the subfamily Congrogadinae (Pisces: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Indo-Pacific Fishes 9(for Oct. 1985): 1-34.

Winterbottom R., Anderson R.C. 1997. A revised checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 66: 1-28.

Winterbottom R., Hoese D.F. 2015. A revision of the Australian species of Trimma (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae), with descriptions of six new species and redescriptions of twenty-three valid species. Zootaxa 3934(1): 1-102.

Winterbottom R., Villa C.A. 2003. A new species of the Trimma caesiura species complex (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the north-eastern margin of the Australian Plate, with a redescription of the other nominal species in the complex. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 7(1): 13-28.

Woodland D.J. 1990. Revision of the fish family Siganidae with descriptions of two new species and comments on distribution and biology. Indo-Pacific Fishes 19: 1-136.

Woodland D.J., Anderson R.C. 2014. Description of a new species of rabbitfish (Perciformes: Siganidae) from southern India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Zootaxa 3811(1): 129-136.

Yamanoue Y. 2016. Revision of the genus Verilus (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) with a description of a new species. Journal of Fish Biology 89(5): 2375-2398.

Yamashita T., Kimura S., Iwatsuki Y. 1998. Validity of the leiognathid fish, Gazza dentex (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835), with designation of a lectotype, and redescription of G. minuta (Bloch, 1795). Ichthyological Research 45(3): 271-280.

Yearsley G.K., Last P.R. 1998. Neocyttus psilorhynchus, a new oreosomatid (Pisces, Zeiformes) from southern Australia and New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 32: 555-579.

Zimmerman B. 2014. In search of the Mangarahara cichlid. IUCN FFSG Newsletter 2014(4): 17-22.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.