Taxonomic review of the genus Capoeta Valenciennes, 1842 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from central Iran with the description of a new species



The genus Capoeta in Iran is highly diversified with 14 species and is one of the most important freshwater fauna components of the country. Central Iran is a region with high number of endemism in other freshwater fish species, though the present species was recognized as C. aculeata (Valenciennes, 1844), widely distributed within Kavir and Namak basins. However previous phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies found that populations of Nam River, a tributary of the Hableh River in central Iran are different from the other species. In this study, the mentioned population is described as a new species based on morphologic and genetic characters.


Inland freshwater of Iran, Nam River, Algae-scraping cyprinid, Capoeta.

Full Text:



Abdoli A. 2000. The Inland Water Fishes of Iran. Iranian Museum of Nature and Wildlife, Tehran. 378 p. (In Persian)

Alwan N., Zareian H., Esmaeili H.R. 2016. Capoeta coadi, a new species of cyprinid fish from the Karun River drainage, Iran based on morphological and molecular evidences (Teleostei, Cyprinidae). ZooKeys 572: 155-180.

Bănărescu P.M. 1999. The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Volume 5. Cyprinidae 2. Part I: Rhodeus to Capoeta. AULA-Verlag, Wiebelsheim. 427 p.

Coad B.W. 2016. Freshwater Fishes of Iran. Available at (accessed on 12 July 2016).

Darriba D., Taboada G. L., Doallo R., Posada D. 2012. jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel computing. Nature Methods 9(8): 772-772.

Ghanavi H.R., Gonzalez E.G., Doadrio I. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships of freshwater fishes of the genus Capoeta (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) in Iran. Ecology and Evolution 6(22): 8205-8222.

Howes G. 1982. Anatomy and evolution of the jaws in the Semiplotine carps with a review of the genus Cyprinion Heckel, 1843 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 42(4): 299-335.

Huelsenbeck J.P., Ranala B. 2004. Frequentist properties of Bayesian posterior probabilities of phylogenetic trees under simple and complex substitution models. Systematic Biology 53: 904-913.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Eagderi S., Esmaeili H. 2015a. Fishes of the Dasht-e Kavir basin of Iran: an updated checklist. International Journal of Aquatic Biology 6: 263-73.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Vatandoust S., Eagderi S., Jafari-Kenari S., Mousavi-Sabet H. 2015b. Freshwater fishes of Iran; an updated checklist. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation and Legislation, International Journal of the Bioflux Society (AACL Bioflux) 8: 855-909.

Kimura M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 16: 111-120.

Kottelat M., Freyhof J. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat. 646 p.

Larkin M.A., Blackshields G., Brown N.P., Chenna R., McGettigan P.A., McWilliam H., Thompson J.D. 2007. Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics 23(21): 2947-2948.

Levin B.A., Freyhof J., Lajbner Z., Perea S., Abdoli A., Gaffaroğlu M., Doadrio I. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships of the algae scraping cyprinid genus Capoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62(1): 542-549.

Machordom A., Doadrio I. 2001. Evidence of a Cenozoic Betic–Kabilian connection based on freshwater fish phylogeography (Luciobarbus, Cyprinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18(2): 252-263.

Posada D., Crandall K.A. 1998. Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14(9): 817-818.

Rambaut A., Drummond A. J. 2013. Tracer v1. 5 Available from http://beast. bio. ed. ac. uk/Tracer.

Ronquist F., Teslenko M., van der Mark P., Ayres D. L., Darling A., Höhna S., Huelsenbeck J.P. 2012. MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61(3): 539-542.

Silvestro D., Michalak I. 2012. raxmlGUI: a graphical front-end for RAxML. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 12(4): 335-337.

Stamatakis A. 2006. RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22(21): 2688-2690.

Tamura K., Stecher G., Peterson D., Filipski A., Kumar S. 2013. MEGA6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725-2729.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Ekmekci F.G., Imamoglu H.O. 2006. A review of Capoeta tinca, with descriptions of two new species from Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 113(2): 421-436.

Yang L., Sado T., Vincent Hirt M., Pasco-Viel E., Arunachalam M., Li J., Mayden R.L. 2015. Phylogeny and polyploidy: Resolving the classification of cyprinine fishes (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 85: 97-116.

Zareian H., Esmaeili H., Freyhof J. 2016. Capoeta anamisensis, a new species from the Minab and Hasan Langhi River drainages in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 4083: 126-142.

Zhang J., Kapli P., Pavlidis P., Stamatakis A. 2013. A general species delimitation method with applications to phylogenetic placements. Bioinformatics 29: 2869-2876.


  • There are currently no refbacks.