Three new species of algae-scraping cyprinid from Tigris River drainage in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)



Traditionally small-scale populations of Capoeta in the Tigris River drainage are identified as Capoeta damascina. The recent finding revealed that some populations of small-scaled C. damascina species group are not identified as any described species. We examined these populations and the results showed that there are pronounced differences between them in morphological and molecular characters. Therefore based on differences found, here we describe three new small-scaled Capoeta species from Zohreh, Tireh and Gamasiab Rivers, Tigris River drainage, Iran.


Biodiversity, Cyprinid, Freshwater fish species, Iran, Taxonomy.

Full Text:



Alwan N. 2011. Systematics, taxonomy, phylogeny and zoogeography of the Capoeta damascina species complex (Pisces: Teleostei: Cyprinidae) inferred from comparative morphology and molecular markers. PhD thesis, Goethe Universität, Frankfurt A.M., Germany.

Alwan N., Zareian H., Esmaeili H.R. 2016. Capoeta coadi, a new species of cyprinid fish from the Karun River drainage, Iran based on morphological and molecular evidences (Teleostei, Cyprinidae). ZooKeys 572: 155–180.

Bănărescu P.M. 1999. The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Volume 5. Cyprinidae 2. Part I: Rhodeus to Capoeta. AULA-Verlag, Wiebelsheim. 427 p.

Darriba D., Taboada G.L., Doallo R., Posada D. 2012. jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel computing. Nature Methods 9(8): 772–772.

Esmaeili H.R., Zareian H., Eagderi S., Alwan N. 2016. Review on the taxonomy of Tigris scraper, Capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) and its confirmation record from the Iranian part of Tigris River, Persian Gulf basin (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa 1: 35-44.

Ghanavi H.R., Gonzalez E.G., Doadrio I. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships of freshwater fishes of the genus Capoeta (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) in Iran. Ecology and Evolution 6(22): 8205–8222.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Eagderi S., Esmaeili H. 2015a. Fishes of the Dasht-e Kavir basin of Iran: an updated checklist. International Journal of Aquatic Biology 6: 263–73.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Vatandoust S., Eagderi S., Jafari-Kenari S., Mousavi-Sabet H. 2015b. Freshwater fishes of Iran; an updated checklist. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation and Legislation, International Journal of the Bioflux Society (AACL Bioflux) 8: 855–909.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Eagderi S., Ghanavi H.R., Doadrio I. 2016. Taxonomic review of the genus Capoeta Valenciennes, 1842 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from central Iran with the description of a new species FishTaxa 1(3): 166–175.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Eagderi S., Ghanavi H.R., Doadrio I. 2017. A new species of the genus Capoeta Valenciennes, 1842 from the Caspian Sea basin in Iran (Teleostei, Cyprinidae). ZooKeys 682: 137–155.

Kottelat M., Freyhof J. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat. 646 p.

Levin B.A., Freyhof J., Lajbner Z., Perea S., Abdoli A., Gaffaroğlu M., Doadrio I. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships of the algae scraping cyprinid genus Capoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62(1): 542–549.

Miller M.A., Pfeiffer W., Schwartz T. 2010. Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), 14 Nov. 2010, New Orleans, LA. pp: 1–8.

Rambaut A., Drummond A.J. 2013. Tracer v1.5 Available from

Ronquist F., Teslenko M., van der Mark P., Ayres D.L., Darling A., Höhna S., Huelsenbeck J.P. 2012. MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61(3): 539-542.

Stamatakis A. 2006. RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22(21): 2688–2690.

Tamura K., Stecher G., Peterson D., Filipski A., Kumar S. 2013. MEGA6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725–2729.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Kirankaya S.G., Engin S. 2006. Capoeta ekmekciae, a new species of cyprinid fish from northeastern Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 17(2): 147–156.

Yang L., Sado T., Vincent Hirt M., Pasco-Viel E., Arunachalam M., Li J., Mayden R.L. 2015. Phylogeny and polyploidy: Resolving the classification of cyprinine fishes (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 85: 97–116.

Zareian H., Esmaeili H., Freyhof J. 2016. Capoeta anamisensis, a new species from the Minab and Hasan Langhi River drainages in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 4083: 126–142.

Zhang J., Kapli P., Pavlidis P., Stamatakis A. 2013. A general species delimitation method with applications to phylogenetic placements. Bioinformatics 29: 2869–2876.


  • There are currently no refbacks.